Genius Day Project

Aztec and Mayan religion

The Aztecs

The Aztecs originated as a nomadic tribe in Mexico around the beginning of the 13th century

They were a dominate force, developing an intricate social, political, and religious organization

By the mid 15th century they had many of the near by city-states under their control

They were a Mesoamerica religion. Like other Mesoamerica religions, they had elements of human sacrifices.

Religious festivals were held according to patterns on the Aztec calendar

They often took people from other tribes and used them as human sacrifices for their Gods, Sun, Moon, and the planet Venus.

Metztli, the Moon God. She was the queen of the night. They called her Old Mother, who represented the Earth and the Moon

Her spouse was the god of fire

The Mayans

The Mayan empire reached its peak of power around the 6th century

The Mayans excelled in agriculture, pottery, hieroglyphic writing, calendar writing, and mathematics

The Maya people were indigenous in Mesoamerica and northern Central America

Their religion was characterized by the worship of their Gods (especially the Gods of Sun, rain, and corn)

The most important God to them was Itzamna', the God of fire and hearth

Kinich Ahua was the sun God

The Mayans are mostly concerned with the suns childhood and conflicts leading up to his actual solar transformation

How they were similar

They both had ritual days were they had human sacrifices

They had the human sacrifices to please their Gods, since they were both polytheistic \

There Gods were very important to both of them. They believed their Gods made the sun come up every day and made it rain so they could have crops

Citations

History.com Staff. "Aztecs." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 15 Dec. 2015

History.com Staff. "Maya." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 15 Dec. 2015

"Calendars Exhibit." The Mayan Calendar. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2015

"Mayans." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2015

Diffen.com. "Aztecs vs Mayans." - Difference and Comparison. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2015

Wikipedia. "Aztec Religion." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2015.

"Mayan Religion." Mayan Religion - ReligionFacts. N.p., 17 Mar. 2015. Web. 16 Dec. 2015

"Sun God Picture." N.p., n.d. Web.

"Aztec Art." N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2015

Wikipedia. "Metztli." Wikipedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2015\

Wiki. "Kinich Ahua." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2015

"The Aztecs MexicanHistory.org." The Aztecs MexicanHistory.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2015

Briggs, Austin. "Tlaloc-Aztec-Rain-God." Tlaloc- The Aztec Rain God. Austin Briggs, 27 Oct. 2012. Web. 17 Dec. 2015

"Maya Agriculture." Maya Agriculture. N.p., 28 Jan. 2011. Web. 17 Dec. 2015

Wikipedia. "Quetzalcoatl." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 12 Dec. 2015. Web. 17 Dec. 2015