Welcome to Botswana

7- Matthew P.

Geogrophy

Botswana twice the size of Arizona, Botswana is in south-central Africa, bounded by Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, and South Africa. Most of the country is near-desert, with the Kalahari occupying the western part of the country. The eastern part is hilly, with salt lakes in the north. It is land a locked Country.


desertification

desertification is affecting Botswana Because the desert is growing and killing the plants so it affects the food chain in Botswana so it might lead to a famine.

History

  • 1885 - British proclaim a protectorate called Bechuanaland.
  • 1966 - Independence from Great Britain
  • 1969 August - BDP wins general election. Khama is re-elected for another term.
  • 2003 September - Botswana begins erecting a fence along its border with Zimbabwe to stem an influx of Zimbabwean illegal immigrants.
  • 2008 March - Botswana launches its own diamond trading company - the Diamond Trading Company Botswana (DTCB).

Culture

Every ethnic group and tribe in Botswana have their own distinct culture.

This means that there are similarities, overlaps and dis-similarities between the individual Botswana tribal cultures. One of the sports in Botswana is archery. They use boats as one of there transportation. The national language is Setswana, and English is used in the office. in Botswana the domination ethnic group of the country is Tswana

Botswana's National anthem

♫ Botswana National Anthem ♫

Government

representative democratic republic is their form of government. It has three branches of government. The preson that is currintly in office is President Seretse Khama Ian Khama. The National Assembly has 57 elected and 4 specially elected members; it is expanded following each 10-year census. The advisory House of Chiefs represents the eight principal subgroups of the Batswana tribes, five members specially elected by the president, and 22 members elected from designated regions.

Economics

In 2012, Botswana’s economy was adversely affected by the global slowdown, which led to a decline in the country’s major export commodity, diamonds; real GDP registered lower growth at 5.8%; and short-term prospects indicated a further slowdown with growth expected to decelerate to 5.6% in 2013 and to 5.5% in 2014.At independence in 1966, most people in Botswana relied on mixed agriculture (crops and livestock), hunting and gathering wild foods, and remittances from migrant labor in South Africa. But since the 1970s mining is where most people work.

Top 5 places to visit in Botswana

  • Botswana possesses the world’s largest inland Delta – The Okavango Delta at approximately 15,000 square kilometres
  • Tsodilo Hills, probably the highest point in Botswana, has over 3000 ancient San rock paintings and has been proclaimed a World Heritage site
  • A unique semi-desert of 54,600 square km (21,060 square miles), the Central Kalahari Game Reserve, is the Botswana's largest reserve.
  • Victoria falls
  • Okavango River