Niccolo Machiavelli

By; Danielle Arndt

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The Father of modern political theory; Niccolo di Bernardo dei Machiavelli

Niccolo was born in Florence, Italy on May 3, 1469. It was a time when the country was in political upheaval. He died in 1527 at the age of 58, after receiving his last rites. He was buried at the Church of Santa Croce in Florence.

What was happening historically that could influence his opinion?

The Renaissance period was one of the great achievements in the fields of painting, sculpture, architecture, and literature. Machiavelli, a writer of literature emerged and came to favor in Florence during the rule of Savonarola in Italy.

His political viewpoints

Machiavelli's ideas had a profound impact on political leaders throughout the modern west, helped by the new technology of the printing press. He believed that the well-being of the state is the responsibility of the ruler and should be achieved by any means possible, even by deceptions and treacheries.

Machiavelli was destined for a life of civil service, but became a victim of the times he lived in. This power-power bet against the Medici and paid for it for the rest of his life.

Machiavelli was responsible for the Florentine militia. Machiavelli was deprived of office in 1512 by the Medici. In 1513, the Medici accused him of conspiracy against the Medici family and had him imprisoned. Despite having been subjected to tortured, he denied involvement and was released after three weeks.

After suffering imprisonment and torture, he retired to his farm near San Casciano, where he lived with his wife and six children and gave his time to study and writing.


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