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Lead is the 82nd element located in the periodic table, whos' initials are Pb. It has been linked to thousands of murders by lead poisoning, including the murder of Ludwig Beethoven in 1827.In its' natural form, lead is very stable, but, lead is very poisonous, and as such many miners acquire lead poisoning. Some of these accounts are before roman times, and it is unknown when the first case was reported, as it is also unknown when Lead was first discovered. Scientists have also been studying lead ever since it was discovered (unknown) so no on ever really started to study it individually. To avoid this, don't be exposed to lead in it's natural state for long periods of time, or consume it, as this will lead to lead poisoning. A cause of lead poisoning is strong abdominal pain. If this is happening to you, and you are usually near lead, see a doctor immediately. It is found on every continent, (except Antarctica) so be careful.

Important Information about lead

Lead Properties

Some properties of Lead include;

  • Soft at room temperature
  • Bluish-white color
  • Malleable
  • Ductile
  • Corrosion resistant

Lead's bohr diagram

  • Protons: 82
  • Neutrons: 126
  • Electrons: 82

Associates and compounds

Known Associates of Lead are Oxygen, Halogens, and Certain Acids. All of which are also wanted by the EPE (Elemental Police of Earth)


The surface of metallic lead is protected by a thin layer of lead oxide, PbO. Only upon heating lead to 600-800°C does lead react with oxygen in air to from lead oxide, PbO.

2Pb(s) + O2(g) → 2PbO(s)


Lead metal reacts vigorously with fluorine, F2, at room temperature and chlorine, Cl2, on warming to form the poisonous dihalides lead(II) fluoride, PbF2, and lead(II) chloride, PbCl2, respectively.

Pb(s) + F2(g) → PbF2(s) []

Pb(s) + Cl2(g) → PbCl2(s) []


The surface of metallic lead is protected by a thin layer of lead oxide, PbO. This renders the lead essentially insoluble in sulphuric acid, and so, in the past, a useful container of this acid. Lead reacts slowly with hydrochloric and nitric acid, HNO3. In the latter case, nitrogen oxides are formed together with lead(II) nitrate, Pb(NO3)2.

Every-day uses of lead

Romans used lead for plumbing, ceramics, and the cosmetic kohl, and the Egyptians used it to darken their eyelids. Before the 1900's, lead was mainly used as a part of ammunition, ceramic glazes, leaded glass and crystals, paints, and pipes. After World War 1, it was also used in lead-acid batteries for cars as well as for radiation shielding for medical purposes, such as x-rays. In the 1980's, lead was used for batteries, paints, gasoline, soldiers, and in water systems. In the early 2000's, lead was mainly used for car batteries, but other smaller uses for lead were ammunition, oxides in glass and ceramics, casting metals, and sheet lead. Lead is important because it is used in car batteries, and without it, cars would not work.

Alises of lead

Lead has many names, do not be confused however, as it is still the murderous master mind. Currently, it has 3 names including; Plumbum, Pb, and lead. Be on the lookout for any element that go by these names


  • Lew, Kristi. Lead. New York: Rosen Pub. Group, 2009. Print

  • "Geology and Earth Science News and Information." Geology.com: News and Information for Geology & Earth Science. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2015.

  • "Chemical Elements.com - An Interactive Periodic Table of the Elements." Chemical Elements.com - An Interactive Periodic Table of the Elements. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2015.

  • "WebElements Periodic Table: The Periodic Table on the Web." WebElements Periodic Table of the Elements. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2015.

  • Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2015.