Middle Colonies

Delaware, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania


  • Found in 1638 by Peter Minuit and the New Sweden Company. The reason to
  • Agriculture and mixed farming is the main money maker but so was manufacturing of iron ore.
  • In 1770 the population was an estimate to 35,496.
  • The native tribes there was Nanticoke and Lenni Lenape.
  • There was no religion base in Delaware but it gave freedom to the Quakers, Catholics, Lutherans, Jews, and others.

New York

  • Found in 1664 by Henry Hudson and York of Duke.
  • The fur trade was the money maker but so was agriculture.
  • It started as a Proprietary colony then became a Royal colony.
  • In 1770 there was an estimate of 162,920.
  • The native tribes there was Iroquois and Algonquian.
  • There was no religion base, so it was open to Quakers, Lutherans and others.

New Jersey

  • Found in1664 by Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret.
  • Was the breadbasket colony so they grew a lot of wheat.
  • Colony was started off as an Proprietary colony. In 1770 the estimate population was 117,431.
  • The native American tribe there was Lenni Lenape.
  • The religion base was Anglican.


  • Was found in 1682 by William Penn. It was established for freedom of religion.
  • Cash Crop was wheat, also made money in textiles, lumber, and fur trade.
  • It started out as a Proprietary colony.
  • The estimate for the population in 1770 is 240,057.
  • The Natives there was the Shawnee and Senca.
  • There was no religion base so it was open but there was mainly Quakers.
Thirteen Colonies: the Middle Colonies