By: Havish Rani, 5/5/15, Period 6

Italy Flag

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Italy Physical Map

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Italy Political Map

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Italy Climate/Weather

The best time of the year to visit Italy is from April to June and from mid September to October. The average rainfall per year in Italy is 29.86 inches (758.44 mm). The average high temperature in Italy in a year is 61.75 Fahrenheit (16.53 Celsius) and the average low temperature in Italy in a year is 49.67 Fahrenheit (9.82 Celsius).

Italy Weather graph

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Italy's national language is Italian. Italy also recognizes these minority languages: Albanian, Catalan, German, Greek, Slovene, Croatian, French, Franco-Provencal, Friulian, Ladin, Occitan, and Sardinian.

Italy has many religions but the main religion is Christianity. The other religious groups in Italy are Muslims, Eastern Orthodox Christians, Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jews, The Waldensian Evangelical Church, and other small groups.

Italy has many holidays. Some are Capodanno (New Year's Eve/ New Year's Day), Befana (Epiphany), Carnevale (Mardi Gras/ Carnevale), Pasqua (Easter), and Christmas. In Capodanno (New Year's) there is the standard 10 second countdown to midnight. However Italians have a tradition of eating lentils on New Year's Eve because it is believed to bring money and good fortune in the new year. Befana is similar to Christmas in America and is celebrated on January 6th. In Befana, on the night of the 5th Italians put out a large stocking by the fire so that an old women named Befana who is like a female Santa Claus can fill it with presents or charcoal. Italians celebrate Mardi Gras/Carnevale just like Americans celebrate Halloween because they dress up. However there is no trick or treat or horror theme. The focus is just having fun dressed as something or somebody else. Italians celebrate Easter kind of like how Americans celebrate Easter. A difference is that instead of chocolate Easter bunnies Italians have a cake. Since rabbits are not part of Easter in Italy, in Italian chocolate eggs there are usually small toys. Christmas is celebrated the same in the US as in Italy. The only difference is that Italian families like to create a scene of Jesus's birth.

Italian Cheese Pizza

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  • 1 lb peeled plum tomatoes, fresh or canned
  • Store bought pizza dough rolled out
  • 1 3/4 cups of fresh mozzarella cheese, diced
  • dozen leaves of fresh basil, torn into small pieces
  • 3 tbsp freshly grated Parmesan cheese
  • 1 tsp garlic powder
  • 3 tbsp extra virgin olive oil
  • salt and ground black pepper


Preheat your oven to 475 degrees F. Roll out your dough. Using a pastry brush or spoon, coat the dough with the olive oil. Evenly sprinkle the garlic powder, salt and pepper over your dough

Puree the tomatoes in a food processor or blender. When it is sufficiently blended, spread the tomato sauce over your prepared dough.

Sprinkle evenly with mozzarella cubes (shredded mozzarella can work just fine here too). Sprinkle the pizza with the Parmesan cheese and dot the surface with basil.

Place the pizza in the oven. Bake for 15-20 minutes or until the crust is golden brown and the cheese is melted and bubbly.

Remove from heat, slice up and serve! Yum!

3 Sights to See

Current Information

  • Italy's currency is the euro
  • 1 euro is equal to 1.11 US Dollars
  • Italy's government is currently a republic
  • Italy's current leader is Sergio Mattarella and he is the president
  • Italy's economy is decent at the moment, but is getting worse because of lack of employment opportunities for young workers
  • Italy's exports are engineering products, electrical equipment, base metals and steel, textiles, clothing, and footwear, chemicals, food and beverages, precious metals, optical and medical apparatus, stone, cement and glass products, and paper
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Transportation and lodging

In a week long trip of Italy from Chicago to Florence, the round trip airfare costs $1,587. To get there it takes 12 hours and 30 minutes and going back it takes 16 hours and 30 minutes. There are many hotels to stay at in Florence, but the cheapest and best hotels are the Hotel Rosary Garden which costs $146 per night and was rated 4.5 stars. Another hotel is the Residence La Contessina which costs $244 per night and is rated 4.5 stars. The last hotel is the Grand Hotel Baglioni Firenze costs $250 per night and is rated 4 stars. In Florence you should see the Uffizi Gallery, which is a great art museum, and Santa Maria del Fiore. From Florence to go to Rome on a train it costs $44-$51 for round trip and it takes 1 hour and 20 minutes to get to Rome. After getting to Rome one should see the Colosseum, the Trevi Fountain (great work of art), and the Pantheon (a great example of the greatness of Roman architecture).


"Average Annual Precipitation for Italy." Current Results. Current Results
Nexus, 2015. Web. 29 Apr. 2015. <

"Holiday Celebrations, Customs and Traditions." life in italy. N.p., n.d. Web. 4
May 2015. <

"Religion in Italy." Italy. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Apr. 2015.

"10 Top Tourist Attractions in Italy." touropia. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May 2015.

"When to Go." Frommer's. FrommerMedia, 2015. Web. 29 Apr. 2015.