World War I

Zoe Vega Ponton

Vocabulary

  1. Alliance System- formal agreement or treaty between two or more nations to cooperate for certain purposes {Britain, France and Russia}
  2. Imperialism- policy extending the authority of a nation over foreign places
  3. Isolationism- doctrine that a a nation should stay out of disputes of other countries {U.S. practiced this up until WWI and didn't proceed with an international policy until WWII passed}
  4. Militarism- building up or strong influence of military values on society
  5. Nationalism- loyalty to a nation
  6. Trench Warfare- hole in the ground that soldiers would use to guard themselves from enemy fire
  7. Command Economy- economic system where production is publicly owned but controlled by a central authority {once WWI ended the command economy was dismantled}
  8. Total War- when a country is mobilizing all of its entire population, all men go to war and all women are sent to production factories to help
  9. Totalitarianism- political system where the government controls every aspect of a citizens life
  10. Propaganda- posters created to encourage Americans to support the war
  11. Mobilization- to prepare the military for war
  12. Zimmerman Telegram- German telegram sent to Mexico proposing an alliance , stated that Germany would help Mexico reconquer the lost territory of New Mexico
  13. Woodrow Wilson- president of the U.S. during WWI
  14. Selective Service Act- required men from 21-30 to register to be drafted to the armed forces
  15. Triple Alliance- Germany, Austria-Hungray alliance later joined by Italy
  16. Triple Entente- France, Britain and Russia's alliance
  17. Unrestricted Submarine Warfare- naval warfare where submarines sink vessels without warning
  18. Armistice- truce that ended the war
  19. Mandate- official orders
  20. Central Powers- Austria-Hungray, Germany joined by Bulgaria and Ottoman Empire
  21. Sussex Pledge- Germany promised the U.S. prior to the latter entry to the war, previously Germany had a policy that allowed unrestricted submarine warfare
  22. Big Four- council including Woodrow Wilson, David Lloyd George, Victtorio Emanuele Orlando and Georges Clemenceau
  23. 14 Points- Wilsons ideals after war, freedom of ships on the seas, smaller armies, end of secret agreements between nations
  24. League of Nations- organization of nations formed to settle international disputes and maintain peace
  25. No Man's Land- area between opposing trenches