Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Baylee Hux

HIV(Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

Symptoms:

  • Fever, Chills, Rash, Night sweats, Muscle aches, Sore throat, Fatigue, Swollen lymph nodes, and Mouth ulcers.

Treatment:

  • There is nothing that can treat HIV currently.

Prevention:

  • There is currently no vaccine that will prevent HIV infection.

Complications Later On:

  • if you are HIV-positive, treatment with a combination of HIV medicine can improve your health and lower the chance that you will pass HIV to your child.

Source:

https://www.aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/prevention/prevention-research/vaccines/

http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/basics/whatishiv.html

Herpes

Symptoms:

  • Herpes appear around the area that had been in contact with the virus. Herpes can show around the genitals, rectum, or mouth.

Treatment:

  • However, there are medicines that can prevent or shorten outbreaks. Some medicines can actually lower the risk of spread of disease to another sexual partner.

Prevention:

  • Speaking with your sexual partner is the only way to prevent this disease.

Complications Later On:

  • Herpes infection can be passed from you to your unborn child and cause a potentially deadly infection (neonatal herpes).

Source:

http://www.cdc.gov/std/herpes/stdfact-herpes.htm

http://www.utmb.edu/virusimages/

Chlamydia

Symptoms:

  • In women: An abnormal vaginal discharge; A burning sensation when urinating.

  • In men: A discharge from their penis; A burning sensation when urinating; Pain and swelling in one or both testicles (although this is less common).

Treatment:

  • Chlamydia can be cured as long as the patient takes all of their medication.

Prevention:

  • Sexually active young people are at a higher risk of getting chlamydia.

Complications Later On:

  • If you are pregnant and have chlamydia, you can pass the infection to your baby during delivery. This could cause an eye infection or pneumonia in your newborn.

Source:

http://www.cdc.gov/std/chlamydia/stdfact-chlamydia.htm

http://www.avert.org/sex-stis/sexually-transmitted-infections/chlamydia

Gonorrhea

Symptoms:

  • In men: A burning sensation when urinating; A white, yellow, or green discharge from the penis; Painful or swollen testicles (although this is less common).

  • In women: Painful or burning sensation when urinating; Increased vaginal discharge; Vaginal bleeding between periods.

Treatment:

  • Taking all of the prescribed medication can cure this disease, but damage from the disease is permanent.

Prevention:

  • If you are a sexually active man who is gay, bisexual, or who has sex with men, you should be tested for gonorrhea every year, or if you are a women who has many sexual partners must be tested.

Complications Later On:

  • If you are pregnant and have gonorrhea, you can give the infection to your baby during delivery. This can cause serious health problems for your baby.

Source:

http://www.cdc.gov/std/gonorrhea/stdfact-gonorrhea.htm

http://www.herpes-coldsores.com/std/gonorrhea.htm

Syphilis

Symptoms:

  • During the first (primary) stage of syphilis, you may notice a single sore where the disease entered your body.

  • During the secondary stage, you may have skin rashes and/or sores in your mouth, vagina, or anus.

  • The latent stage of syphilis begins when all of the symptoms you had earlier disappear. If not treated, permanent damage can be done.

Treatment:

  • Syphilis can be cured with the right antibiotics from your health care provider, but they cannot reverse any damage done by the disease.

Prevention:

  • Any sexually active person can get syphilis through unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex.

Complications Later On:

  • If you are pregnant and have syphilis, you can give the infection to your unborn baby, low birth weight, and other health concerns.

Source:

http://www.cdc.gov/std/syphilis/stdfact-syphilis.htm

https://lookfordiagnosis.com/mesh_info.php?term=treponema+pallidum&lang=1

Trichomoniasis

Symptoms:

  • When trichomoniasis does cause symptoms, they can range from mild irritation to severe inflammation.

Treatment:

  • Trichomoniasis can be cured with a single dose of prescription antibiotic medication which must be completely taken.

Prevention:

  • Using latex condoms correctly every time you have sex will help reduce the risk of getting or spreading trichomoniasis.

Complications Later On:

  • Trichomoniasis can increase the risk of getting or spreading other sexually transmitted infections.

Source:

http://www.cdc.gov/std/trichomonas/stdfact-trichomoniasis.htm

https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&ved=0ahUKEwiM2KbxhdHMAhWKSSYKHa0IAKMQjxwIAw&url=http%3A%2F%2Fphys.org%2Fnews%2F2007-01-scientists-genome-parasite-trichomoniasis.html&psig=AFQjCNHejcXNNiXy2yHu2e5q50nbOJpiKw&ust=1463022551355283

Pubic Lice(Crabs)

Symptoms:

  • Intense itching in the genitals or anus mild fever feeling run-down irritability the presence of lice or small egg sacs, which are called nits, in pubic hair.

Treatment:

  • There are plenty of medications that include some over the counter medicines to help with this disease.

Prevention:

  • Pubic lice are easily spread, and there is no protection.

Complications Later On:

  • Scratching can irritate your skin, or it could lead to an infection such as impetigo or furunculosis.

Source:

https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/stds-hiv-safer-sex/pubic-lice

http://www.std-gov.org/blog/types-of-stds/

Hepatitis B

Symptoms:

  • Fever, Fatigue, Loss of appetite, Nausea, Vomiting, Abdominal pain, Dark urine, Clay-colored bowel movements, Joint pain, Jaundice

Treatment:

  • There are several antiviral medications for persons with chronic infection.

Prevention:

  • Hepatitis B vaccination which is open to almost all people.

Complications Later On:

  • Scarring of the liver, liver inflammation, liver cancer, or liver failure.

Source:

http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2016/infectious-diseases-related-to-travel/hepatitis-b

http://www.shutterstock.com/s/hepatitis+b/search.html

HPV(Human Papilloma Virus)

Symptoms:

  • Most people with HPV do not know they are infected and never develop symptoms or health problems from it, others notice when the receive genital warts.

Treatment:

  • There is no treatment for the virus itself.

Prevention:

  • Vaccinations can help with the prevention of this disease when taken in the right time period.

Complications Later On:

  • If you are pregnant and have HPV, you can get genital warts or develop abnormal cell changes on your cervix.

Source:

http://www.cdc.gov/std/hpv/stdfact-hpv.htm

http://ppcorn.com/us/2016/03/28/hpv-15-facts-you-didnt-know-about-human-papillomavirus/

Mycoplasma Genitalium

Symptoms:

  • In men, the bacteria can cause inflammation of the urethra (called urethritis) that leads to symptoms such as a burning pain while urinating or discharge from the penis.

  • In women, bacteria have been linked to inflammation of the cervix (cervicitis), as well as pelvic inflammatory disease, an infection of the female reproductive organs that can lead to pain in the lower abdomen and pain or bleeding during sex.

Treatment:

  • The antibiotics that are generally recommended to treat urethritis, cervicitis and pelvic inflammatory disease, which sometimes do not help. In this case, doctors prescribe other medications to seriously treat mycoplasma genitalium.

Prevention:

  • Practice safe sex. Do not have sex until after antibiotic is finished. Partners need to be contacted and tested.

Complications Later On:

  • Sometimes the disease can come back which a person would need to be referred to a specialist.

Source:

http://www.livescience.com/52826-mycoplasma-genitalium-std.html

http://www.sahealth.sa.gov.au/wps/wcm/connect/public+content/sa+health+internet/health+topics/health+conditions+prevention+and+treatment/infectious+diseases/mycoplasma+genitalium+infection

http://diseaseslab.com/mycoplasma-genitalium-causes-symptoms-treatment-infection/