People of the 1700-1900's

Emily Walsh

Music and Composers

Johann Sebastian Bach was born on March 31, 1685 in Eisenach, Germany. He was best known for his mastery organ skills. He wrote many compositions for churches that combined French and Italian orchestral styles. This was a new sound that no one had ever heard before.



George Frederick Handel was born on February 23, 1685 in Halle, Germany. He was known for writing over 40 amazing operas. In his operas he combined German, French, Italian, and English musical styles. This was also a sound that was unfamiliar to the crowd. One of his best works was Messiah.



Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born on January 27, 1756 in Salzburg, Austria. He was considered one of the greatest musical geniuses of all time. He conducted 16 operas, 41 symphonies, played in 27 piano concerts, 5 violin concerts, 25 string quartets, and 19 masses. He created a new sound for the whole world to hear.

Art

Baroque is a style of European architecture, music, and art in the 1700’s that follows

mannerism. It was complex and evoked people's emotions. It consisted of religious art, full portraits, paintings of battle scenes, and palaces. One palace was the Versailles palace. It has structured columns and beautifully painted ceilings. Vivid color was a huge part of baroque art.


Rococo was another type of art that was more personal and elegant. It included furniture and tapestries that had flower, vine, and shell designs on them. Artists painted portraits of nobles in rural settings. This was a period of happy and bright art.

The Life of Peasants

Peasants in Europe during the 18th century lived in small rural villages. Western Europe was more prosperous compared to Eastern Europe. The west was also more advanced. Serfdom disappeared in the west. Peasants worked on their own land and paid a yearly rent. In Eastern Europe, serfdom was still strongly present. Peasants could be bought and sold with the land. In France, peasants were sometimes forced to do free labor. All food was farmed and made by hand. They mostly ate wheat products. Other peasant jobs included doing housework for nobles and cleaning the streets of cities. Peasants and wealthy people dressed nice and wore silks, satins, and jewels.

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Works Consulted

“Baroque Period.” Encyclopedia Britannica. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2016. Web. 17 Feb. 2016. <http://www.britannica.com/art/Baroque-period>.


“Battle Scene Art.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 2016. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.


Brainard, Rick. “18th century Composers.” 18th Century History. The Age of Reason and Change, 2016. Web. 17 Feb. 2016. <http://www.history1700s.com/index.php/articles/25-society-and-culture/9-18th-century-composers.html>.


Ellis, Elisabeth Gaynor, Anthony Esler, and Burton F. Beers. World History: Connections to Today : the Modern Era. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 2003. Print.


“George Frederick Handel.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 2016. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.


“Johann Sebastian Bach.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 2016. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.


“Mozart.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 2016. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.


“Rococo Tapestry.” Wikipedia. Wikipedia, 2016. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.


“1700’s Peasants.” Wikimedia Commons. Wikimedia Commons, 2016. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.


Speck, J. C. “What if you lived in France during the 1600s and 1700s?” Ed. Marilynne Scott Mason. The Christian Science Monitor. The Christian Science Monitor, 2016. Web. 17 Feb. 2016. <http://www.csmonitor.com/2007/1127/p18s02-hfks.html>.


“Versailles Palace.” Wikimedia Commons. Wikipedia Commons, 2016. Web. 17 Feb. 2016.

Art Styles of the 1800's

Realism

This painting, The Gleaners, by Jean-Francois Millet, is an example of realism. Realism is representations of harsh city or village life. It is meant to show the world as it is. This painting portrays workers and how their life really was hard.
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Romanticism

This painting, Ossian, by Anne-Louis Girodet de Roussy-Troison is an example of Romanticism during the 1800's. Romanticism was art that used bright colors to convey emotion and energy. It showed beauty and the power of humans against nature. This painting shows the human and nature conflict with bold colors and intricate detail.
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Impressionism

This painting, Starry Night, by Vincent van Gogh, is an example of impressionists. Impressionism is showing the stroke of a brush without blending. This was different from previous art because no brush stroke ever showed. This painting shows impressionism because every brush stroke is presented to show one individual image.
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Photography

This is an photograph taken of industrial workers and weavers during the industrial revolution. Photography during this time often depicted harsh working conditions in factories and battlefields.
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Postimpressionism

This painting, by Renne Gandy, is an example of postimpressionism. Postimpressionism is using bright colors in abstract form. Brushes painted dark lines to outline bright colors and dots formed big pictures.
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Works Consulted

Ellis, Elisabeth Gaynor, Anthony Esler, and Burton F. Beers. World History: Connections to Today : the Modern Era. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 2003. Print.

“Industrial Factory.” Industrial Revolution. Historic Media, 2016. Web. 30 Mar. 2016.

“Postimpressionism.” Pinterest. Pinterest, 2016. Web. 30 Mar. 2016.

“Realism.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Commons, 2016. Web. 29 Mar. 2016.

“Romanticism.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Commons, 2016. Web. 29 Mar. 2016.

“Starry Night.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Commons, 2016. Web. 30 Mar. 2016.

Art in the 1900's

Cubism

Cubism was a style of art that was created in Latin America. It consisted of fragmented objects and complex patterns of angles and frames. To many people, it was a new view of reality. Many big artists during this time period include Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. One of the most famous Cubism paintings is "Guernica" made by Pablo Picasso. His painting fits this style because it has many cut up pieces and sharp angles to depict a single picture.
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Pablo Picasso's "Guernica" is a depiction of the Spanish Civil War. Picasso used sharp and detailed shapes to describe the events and emotions that came out of the war. This painting perfectly portrays Cubism because it is revolutionary and something that no one has seen before.

Abstract

Abstract is a form of art that was created in Europe. It is made with lines, colors, and shapes that have no subject. Painting that are abstract often use bright and vivid color schemes as well. Vasily Kandinsky from Russia and Paul Klee from Germany are two artists who revolutionized abstract art. Paul Klee's famous piece "The Style of Kairouan" portrays an abstract style. It uses many straight line and similar shapes that don't show a subject. They are simply shapes and lines. The painting also uses bright colors to enhance emotion.
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This painting, "The Style of Kairouan" by Paul Klee, is an example of abstract art. He was inspired by a vacation he took to Tunisia and wanted to portray the bright colors he saw on his trip through art. This lead to the painting shown here. The shapes all flow together and are easy to create.

Dada

Dada was a style of art that was popular in Paris. It was meant to show a revolt against civilization. This style of art often shocked and disturbed audiences. Two popular artists who used Dada were Hans Arp and Max Ernst. Max Ernst painted a work called "Switzerland". It was one of his first Dada pieces. It has disturbing images that confuse the viewer. It goes against the ordinary which is what the style of Dada was trying to do.
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"Switzerland" by Max Ernst was the birth-place of Dada. It was one of the first works that made people think more in depth about the meaning of a piece. It is historical because it marks the point in time when shocking images became present in public and began to become accepted as art. Dada also caused much controversy.

Surrealism

Surrealism started in Paris in the 1900's. it was a movement that attempted to portray the workings of the unconscious mind. Images are used to show states of dreaminess and chaos. One famous artist during surrealism was Salvador Dali. Dali created a work called "The Persistence of Memory". It is a painting with clocks draped outside. It is an example of surrealism because the work tells a message through unreal images. The clocks are dreamlike and difficult to understand which is what makes it chaotic.
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This is "The Persistence of Memory" by Salvador Dali. Dali was inspired by melting cheese. That is why the clocks have a melting appearance. He also wanted to show decay and mortality. That is why ants surround a few of the clocks. His main goal with this piece was to show how hard things can turn soft due to time.

Architecture

Many architects during this time rejected classical traditions and wanted to create new styles to modernize buildings. The Bauhaus School in Germany bent science and technology with design. They used glass, steel, and concrete in their design. Frank Lloyd Wright thought that function should determine the form of a building. Frank Lloyd Wright created "Falling Waters". It is a house built over a waterfall that has water running through the home and rocks from the hill built into it. It is the perfect example of architecture from the 1900's because the form of the house fits its environment.
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"Falling Waters" by Frank Lloyd Wright is a house built over a waterfall to show that architecture should fit its environment, but still be functional. Wright built the home for the Kaufmann family who used it as a vacation home. The Kaufmann's wanted something new, fresh, and modern. That's how Wright came up with the idea and incorporated the water into the home.

Music

Radios became big in the 1900's. People were buying them for their homes everywhere. Jazz became the biggest style of music and played on every radio station. Jazz was a style of music that combined Western harmonies and African rhythms. Louis Armstrong, a trumpeter, became very popular in Jazz and created many famous works. Jazz became a symbol of freedom for many people during this time. One of Armstrong's most famous works is "What a Wonderful World". It was a hit in America and greatly expressed hope and freedom for people.
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"What a Wonderful World" was a top hit made in 1967 by Louis Armstrong. Armstrong wanted to bend the boundaries of music and even Jazz which he revolutionized. "What a Wonderful World" was made to calm the emotions of an audience and show the slow side of jazz music.