Canada in 2035

Will Canada be the best country in 2035?

A step further

Canada is known to be a country full of opportunities, freedom and is known to have one of the best standard of life, when a person thinks of Canada, they usually think of a place with little to none crime rate and a place where they can fit in with ease. As you can see Canada is clearly one of the best countries but despite all this people still have questions about Canada. One of the questions is will Canada still be one the best places to live in, in 2035. This smore will be based around this question and will thoroughly analyze this question, going into detail and comparing modern Canada to Canada in 2035.

Changing populations

since 1994, Canada have provided a guiding light to many thousands of persons wishing to immigrate to Canada and since then many people from different countries around the world have been immigrating to Canada in the search of various kinds of jobs. during the ww2 many people came to Canada in search of shelter as a refugee. As you can see Canada has been a home to many immigrants and it continues to be that way. Currently, there are 617 First Nation communities, which represent more than 50 nations or cultural groups and 50 Aboriginal languages. Right now the aboriginals are facing a lot of problems because of the fact that they lost their lands because the British cheated them. The aboriginals have always been neglected from the society and Since then the aboriginals have been fighting hard for their rights and their lands. Right now Canada is in stage four but I don't think that is going to last long because there is a lot of people immigrating to Canada and Canada might be heading towards stage 5.

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Canada's population pyramid

Immigration - 2035

As I said earlier Canada has always welcomed millions of people and I think Canada will continue to be best place in 2035 because of the fact that Canada has and will have lots of opportunities for different types of people and as the population grows the industry will grow causing a rise in the Canadian economy, Canada also provides the best health care for everyone and the education system is the best so many people will immigrate to Canada. As I said Canada's population is growing and by 2035 Canada might be the stage 5 because there approximately 250 000 people immigrating to Canada. I think Canada will have immigrants from mostly Asia because of the reason that many countries in Asia are very overpopulated and so people want to immigrate to Canada to live a better quality of life also many people will come from war torn countries because by 2035 there will be lots of war going on in the middle east and many people will want to come to better places like Canada to get a better standard of living. As for the Aboriginals they will face lots of problems because as more people immigrate to Canada the more of their land will be used for construction and also many factories will be built because of the growing economy and that can cause major problems to Aboriginals who live near by.
Immigrating to Canada

Canada's demography

Over the past few years Canada has been taking a annual immigrants of 250 000 and that is not good. With the high intake and low death rate, Canada might be heading towards the stage 5 in the next 50 years. Due to Canada's high stranded of living the death rates in Canada are really low and the birth rates are average because many people don't want have lots of kids because they care more about their job and they want to spend more time with their jobs. Also having more kids results in more money expenditure and people don't want spend more time. Also most of the people in Canada live in urban areas because that's where most of the people live and only a few percent of the population live in rural areas.
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Interactions in The Physical environment

Climate

Canada has such a unique and diverse climate which makes Canada's climate so awesome. Because of its great latitudinal extent, Canada has a wide variety of climates. Ocean currents play an important role, with both the warm waters of the Gulf stream in the Atlantic and the Alaska current in the Pacific affecting climate. Westerly winds, blowing from the sea to the land, are the prevailing air currents in the Pacific and bring coastal British Columbia heavy precipitation and moderate winter and summer temperatures. Inland, the Great Lakes moderate the weather in both southern Ontario and Quebec. In the east the cold Labrador current meets the Gulf Stream along the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador, cooling the air and causing frequent fog.

The northern two-thirds of the country has a climate similar to that of northern Scandinavia with very cold winters and short, cool summers. The central southern area of the interior plains has a typical continental climate—very cold winters, hot summers, and relatively sparse precipitation. Southern Ontario and Quebec have a climate with hot, humid summers and cold, snowy winters, similar to that of some portions of the American Midwest. Except for the west coast, all of Canada has a winter season with average temperatures below freezing and with continuous snow cover.

Temperatures

In the winter those parts of the country farthest from open water are the coldest, so that in the interior plains and in the North the winters are extremely cold. The lowest temperature ever recorded was −81 °F (−63 °C) at Snag, Yukon, in 1947. During the summer, however, the parts of Canada farthest from open water are the warmest. The highest temperature recorded was 113 °F (45 °C) at Midale and Yellow Grass, both in Saskatchewan, in 1937. Thus, west-coast Vancouver has an average January temperature of 37 °F (3 °C) and an average July temperature of 64 °F (18 °C), while in Regina, Saskatchewan, on the interior plains, average temperatures vary from −1 to 67 °F (−18 to 19 °C). The daily range of temperature is also narrower on the coasts than in interior locations.

The canadian shield

By far the largest of Canada’s physiographic regions, the Canadian shield (sometimes called the Precambrian Shield) occupies about half of the total area of the country and is centred on Hudson Bay . The shield consists of some of the world’s oldest rocks, which were folded by mountain-building movements and cut down by erosion until the area was reduced almost to a plain. It was warped and folded in places, so parts of it now stand much higher than others, especially around its outer edges. In the north the rim is about 7,000 feet (2,000 meters) above sea level, and fjords with walls from 2,000 to 3,000 feet (600 to 900 meters) high extend many miles into the mountain masses. The Labrador Highlands, including the Torngat, Kaumajet, and Kiglapait mountains, lie south of Hudson strait. Along the north shore of the St.Lawrence river in Quebec, the shield rim is a 2,000-foot (600-meter) escarpment, the Lauren tide Scarp. The rim is almost imperceptible in southern Ontario, but in northern Ontario it rises again to almost 1,500 feet (450 meters) above the northern shore of Lake Superior. From Manitoba northwestward, the shield edge is marked by a large number of lakes.

Most of the shield lies at elevations below 2,000 feet (600 metres). The shield contains a large variety of minerals (e.g., copper, silver, and gold), and its exploitation has been a principal source of Canada’s wealth. Because of all the minerals it has it is often called the storehouse of Canada's metallic minerals. The shield attracts mining companies because of its abundance of metallic minerals.The climate of the Canadian Shield is different from the climate in Alberta. In the Canadian Shield , there are short cold winters and long hot summers . In the southern part, there are very cold snowy winters, while the summers are warm and long. The southern part of the Canadian Shield gets lots of rain and snow each year. The Northern part gets very little rain and snow each year. Since the Canadian Shield is so big the temperature changes a lot. In the southern parts of the Canadian Shield such as Ontario the climate stays about the same all year long. The average temperature in the winter is -18*C. In the summer the temperature is 25*C degrees. The southern part has 15 hours of daylight in the summer and in the winter there is about 8.5 hours of daylight. In the northern part of the Canadian Shield they get 5 hours of daylight in the winter and 24 hours in the summer months.

The Interior plains lowlands

LOCATION AND LANDSCAPE

"The Interior Plains is located in west-central Canada. The east boundary of the Interior plains is at 96°W, west at 135°W, north at 70°N, and the southern end of Canada at 49°N . The Interior plains has an area of about 1 900 000 km^2, as well as 19 percent of Canada's population. The interior planes is the 4th largest region in Canada.


The Largest cities in the Interior Plains are Calgary, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Saskatoon, and Regina. The Interior plains fall under the mountain and central time zones. The largest lakes in the interior plains is the Great Bear Lake, Great Slave Lake, and Lake Winnipeg . The interior plains has flat plains, with gently rolling hills, lowlands,plateaus, foothills. The interior plains also has escarpments, and Badlands. Shallow ponds called sloughs and large areas of marshy wetlands can also be found in this region.


CLIMATE

"The Interior Plains has long, cold winters and short, hot summers.". Winters in the Interior Plains are able to go as low as -30°C, and summers that reach above 30°C. The farther north you go, the colder it becomes, no matter the season. In addition, the Interior plains get less precipitation than most other regions in Canada . The precipitation in the interior plains is averaged between 300 mm and 500 mm (30 cm and 50 cm). The driest areas in the south west get an average of 271.

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Great lakes - St. Lawrence Lowlands

The Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowland is the smallest region in Canada. It consists of Southern Ontario where the Great Lakes surrounds it. Along the banks of the St Lawrence river, on both sides, this region extends through the province of Quebec. This region has much flat land surrounded by few hills. Once, it was covered in pine forest, birch, hemlock, and maple trees but most of this land has been cleared for the use of farmland.

Nearly one out of six Canadians works in the Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowland region. All of the people's jobs in this region depend on geography. The electric power, agriculture, and construction areas provide the most jobs. Industries such as oil refineries, steel mills, automobile plants, furniture plants, food processing plants, clothing plants, offices, banks, publishers, etc. can be found here. This region is sometimes called the "manufacturing heart" of Canada.

Within the Great Lakes/St Lawrence Lowland region there are lots of natural resources. It has rich fertile level land for agriculture. It also is the second largest farming area in all of Canada. Some of the crops grown in Western Ontario and Southern Quebec are tobacco, peaches, cherries, grapes , apples, hay, vegetables, such as carrots, corn, onions, beets, peas and beans. St Lawrence lowland has lots of ranching which supply butter cheese and meat for the region. The number one resource is fresh water because it is used for cities, factories, ships to transport items and most of all human and animal survival.Great Lake St. Lawrence Lowland's climate is a humid, continental climate, meaning that it is a dry climate with very cold winters and very hot summers. During the summer, the Great Lakes tend to lower the temperature. The Great Lakes also raise the temperature in the surrounding areas in winter by storing heat.

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Hudson Bay -Arctic Lowlands

The entire region is a vast sodden plain that slopes gently toward the sea at a gradient of less than a meter per kilometer. Up to 85 percent of the region is muskeg or peat-forming wetlands. Such a huge expanse of peat occurs nowhere else in North America and in only a few places in the world.

This is a land more of water than earth. Water lies everywhere - shallow oblong lakes, rivers that meander endlessly, streams running nowhere, bogs and fens; up to 50 percent of the surface is covered by water.The climate of the region depends largely on the water surface. In January and February the bay is covered with pack ice, preventing any warming effect on the air, and temperatures are consequently very low. The ice begins to melt in May and rapidly disappears in June, when cloudiness and fog increase. The water temperature rises up to 10°C in July and August as a result of the influx of fresh water. During October and November the waters of the bay yield heat and moisture, bringing showers of rain and snow. Fog is most frequent in June, July and August, as warm air cools over the colder water. Winds are strong in all but the summer months and rise to 110 km/h and even 150 km/h in autumn.

Appalachian Mountains

The Appalachians Mountains, often called the Appalachians are a system of mountains that are located in southern Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland. In this map of Canada's land form regions it is highlighted in pink.

Age:

The mountains away from the Canadian Shield were formed various times in geological history including the Appalachians. In the East, the Appalachian Mountains were formed about 375 million years ago.

Physical features of the landscape:These mountains were worn down by ice and water to produce a landscape of rolling hills and broad valleys. A typical height for mountains in this chain in about 1000 meters. These mountains were once much taller than they currently are however over the course of the years the process of erosions the mountains height decreased. The average width of this mountain range varies between 100 to 300 miles, while the average height for the mountains in this range is around 3,000 ft.

Climate:

In the higher elevations the climate is quite harsh. However it is warm enough for trees to survive. The climate in the Appalachians varies throughout the year. It can be normally defined as cool and wet for most of the year. This makes the weather in these mountains quite pleasant, and attracts lots of tourists here each year.

Vegetation:

The forest vegetation of the region is mixed coniferous and deciduous trees. There is a greater concentration of coniferous trees in cooler northern locations. Deposits in many of the valleys have led to the development of deep, fertile soils.

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Innuitian Mountains

A mountain range in Nunavut, Canada. It extends southwest to northeast across several Arctic islands for about 800 miles (1,300 km) and reaches heights of 6,000 feet (1,830 meters) or more. “Innuitian” is derived from innuit, a term applied by the Eskimos of Alaska to themselves.The territory lies entirely within the Arctic climatic zone, with bitterly cold winters and cool to cold summers. Average daily January temperatures rise above −22 °F (−30 °C) only in the eastern coastal areas, and in the far north and northwest of Hudson Bay they reach only −31 °F (−35 °C). Average temperatures in July above 50 °F (10 °C) are limited to the area west of Hudson Bay, while in the far north and along the northeastern coast of Baffin Island they do not exceed 41 °F (5 °C). Precipitation is scant throughout most of the territory and falls almost entirely as snow. Annual precipitation levels of less than 8 inches (200 mm) gradually increase toward the east; the greatest amounts—more than 24 inches (600 mm)—occur on Bylot Island, just north of Baffin Island. Continuous permafrost underlies virtually the entire territory.
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Western Cordillera

The Cordilleras region comprises a series of mountain belts some 500 miles (800 km) wide along Canada’s Pacific coast. The great heights and angularity of the peaks, many of which rise to more than 10,000 feet (3,000 meters), indicate that these are much younger mountains than the Appalachians. Signs of alpine glaciation are widely evident. In many places valley glaciers remain active, and snow capped peaks are frequently hidden in the clouds. Some of the mountain slopes are so precipitous that they are bare of trees. Viewed from above, the entire landscape seems to be an irregular sea of mountain ranges, trending in a north-south direction. The Western Cordillera has a range of climates, depending on where you are located in the mountains. Close to the shore, the climate is very wet during the fall and winter, there is a lot of rain and the summers are usually cool. Inland, there is heavy snowfall high in the mountains. On the upper part of the mountains is always very cold because of the high elevation.
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Canadian Landforms
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How will climate change alter Canada's physical environment

Climate change will be a major issue for Canada because Climate change is predicted to affect all Canadians to a greater or lesser extent as a result of its impact on their environment, health and economy. Climate changes are expected to vary regionally. While it is not possible to predict changes with certainty, there is a very high degree of agreement among scientists that changes are already occurring and that further changes will occur. Expected changes in Canada include warmer winters, more frequent summer heat waves, changes in precipitation, changes in wind patterns, and an increased frequency of severe storms. Warming is expected to be most pronounced in arctic regions, causing permafrost to melt and glaciers to retreat more quickly.
Canadians will face challenges in dealing with and adapting to the effects of climate change. Regional droughts may result in water shortages; rising sea levels and heavy precipitation events may lead to greater flood damage; warmer temperatures will favor more frequent thunderstorms and tornadoes. As said earlier the temperatures will get warmer in the north and the glaciers will start to melt,if this happens then a glacial erosion could happen, it could destroy land and it could scrape the lands and erode a mountain. also when all the water melts it could cause lands to flood and it could erode the bank and changing the physical environment.
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Managing Canada's resources and industries

Canada's most valuable resources in 2035 will be still oil and lumber because of the fact that in 2035 oil will be rare and will be in a limited quantity and since Canada has a abundance of oil they will make got profits but only if they use their oil sustainable and carefully. Canada also has an abundance of lumber and since Canada is such a big country there will be still huge amounts of it in Canada while in other countries lumber will be scarce but again Canada has to use their natural resources sustainable. As I said earlier natural resources will be limited in the future and Canada knows about so yes i think Canada will be using their natural resources sustainable and making sure that they preserving enough for the next generation.
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Canada's connections to the world

Canada is connected to the world in many different ways for example Canadians have cultural contacts with the world through television,movies,books,magazines,the internet, and family connections. Through out the history Canada has always been involved with trades with other countries. later on Canada made many trade agreements with other countries an example is NAFTA between Canada,USA and Mexico. Canada continues to be heavily connected to and dependent on the rest of the world. More than 80 per cent of Canadians use the Internet. More than two-thirds of television-viewing time is devoted to foreign programming. More than 20 per cent of the Canadian population is foreign-born. Every year, Canadians make about 30 million trips of one night or longer to other countries. Foreigners have invested more than $600-billion in Canada. Exports, mostly to the U.S., amount to about one third of Canada's gross domestic product (GDP). Canada is a member of more than a dozen international organizations. as you can see Canada is deeply connected with the rest of the world.
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Livable communities

Canadian cites will face lots of problems but the most important issue that other countries will also face is overpopulation. Human population growth is perhaps the most significant cause

of the complex problems the world faces; climate change, poverty etc. Urban sprawl is the spreading of a city or its suburbs. It often involves the construction of residential and commercial buildings in rural areas or otherwise undeveloped land at the outskirts of a city. Most residents of typical sprawl neighborhoods live in single-family homes and commute by car to their jobs in the city Another issue Canadian cities will be facing is urban sprawl because as more people immigrate to Canada the more crowded it gets and it gets to the point where people want to move out of the crowded areas into suburban areas and as they do the environment gets destroyed in order to make room for houses and people and that can cause climate change and global warming and many other major issues.

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How to prevent urban sprawl

Traffic congestion, water shortages, high unemployment rates, overcrowded schools, pollution, and ecosystem disturbance are just some of the problems caused by urban sprawl. It's a constant tug-of-war for government to combat the issue of urban sprawl while trying to meet the growing needs of new housing and commercial development. In response, the United States Environmental Protection Agency has outlined some ways to combat urban sprawl. ways to prevent urban sprawl is to build up instead of out. As more housing and commercial projects are developed, so is the land that they are built on. And the more houses and businesses that are built means an increased need for new roads, highways and parking lots. another way is to create walk able communities where you can ditch cars and walk or bike to work, school, the park, grocery stores, and other places that you visit on a regular basis. another way to prevent this is to provide quality housing options for all income levels. Housing plays a major role in urban sprawl. Where you live depends on your commuting patterns, school zones, available services, and energy usage. Adding units or converting existing housing to multi-family dwellings allows communities to increase population without extreme changes to the landscape.
  • My final way to prevent urban sprawl is to support and use alternative transportation. If your community doesn't have a transit service, push to get one. And if it does, use it. Walk or bike somewhere instead of adding to already-congested roadways.

  • Canadian cities being sustainable in the future

    Canadian cities will be more sustainable because they will be relying on other types of energy such as wind and solar energy. cities will be using solar powered cars and also the electricity will be used sustainable. the waste will be reduced as there will be fine if the waste is too much and cities are already using the blue bins for recycling. as you can see Canada is clearly trying to make a difference and trying to be more sustainable.
    Creating a Sustainable Future: Ecosystem Services and Spatial Planning

    Conclusion

    Through out this Smore we discussed various reasons why Canada is and will be the best country to live in 2035. we analyzed Canada's demography and talked about Canada's climate and physical environment. we also discussed about Canada's natural resources and how Canada is trying to be more sustainable. we talked about how Canada is connected to the world through trade and globalization. Finally we talked about the problems Canadian cities will be facing and how they can prevent it. All of this information shows that Canada will be the best country to live in 2035 only if they do what is right

    BY YASH RATHORE