Canada in 2035
Will Canada be the best country in 2035?
A step further
Canada is known to be a country full of opportunities, freedom and is known to have one of the best standard of life, when a person thinks of Canada, they usually think of a place with little to none crime rate and a place where they can fit in with ease. As you can see Canada is clearly one of the best countries but despite all this people still have questions about Canada. One of the questions is will Canada still be one the best places to live in, in 2035. This smore will be based around this question and will thoroughly analyze this question, going into detail and comparing modern Canada to Canada in 2035.
since 1994, Canada have provided a guiding light to many thousands of persons wishing to immigrate to Canada and since then many people from different countries around the world have been immigrating to Canada in the search of various kinds of jobs. during the ww2 many people came to Canada in search of shelter as a refugee. As you can see Canada has been a home to many immigrants and it continues to be that way. Currently, there are 617 First Nation communities, which represent more than 50 nations or cultural groups and 50 Aboriginal languages. Right now the aboriginals are facing a lot of problems because of the fact that they lost their lands because the British cheated them. The aboriginals have always been neglected from the society and Since then the aboriginals have been fighting hard for their rights and their lands. Right now Canada is in stage four but I don't think that is going to last long because there is a lot of people immigrating to Canada and Canada might be heading towards stage 5.
Canada's population pyramid
Immigration - 2035
Interactions in The Physical environment
Canada has such a unique and diverse climate which makes Canada's climate so awesome. Because of its great latitudinal extent, Canada has a wide variety of climates. Ocean currents play an important role, with both the warm waters of the Gulf stream in the Atlantic and the Alaska current in the Pacific affecting climate. Westerly winds, blowing from the sea to the land, are the prevailing air currents in the Pacific and bring coastal British Columbia heavy precipitation and moderate winter and summer temperatures. Inland, the Great Lakes moderate the weather in both southern Ontario and Quebec. In the east the cold Labrador current meets the Gulf Stream along the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador, cooling the air and causing frequent fog.
The northern two-thirds of the country has a climate similar to that of northern Scandinavia with very cold winters and short, cool summers. The central southern area of the interior plains has a typical continental climate—very cold winters, hot summers, and relatively sparse precipitation. Southern Ontario and Quebec have a climate with hot, humid summers and cold, snowy winters, similar to that of some portions of the American Midwest. Except for the west coast, all of Canada has a winter season with average temperatures below freezing and with continuous snow cover.
The canadian shield
By far the largest of Canada’s physiographic regions, the Canadian shield (sometimes called the Precambrian Shield) occupies about half of the total area of the country and is centred on Hudson Bay . The shield consists of some of the world’s oldest rocks, which were folded by mountain-building movements and cut down by erosion until the area was reduced almost to a plain. It was warped and folded in places, so parts of it now stand much higher than others, especially around its outer edges. In the north the rim is about 7,000 feet (2,000 meters) above sea level, and fjords with walls from 2,000 to 3,000 feet (600 to 900 meters) high extend many miles into the mountain masses. The Labrador Highlands, including the Torngat, Kaumajet, and Kiglapait mountains, lie south of Hudson strait. Along the north shore of the St.Lawrence river in Quebec, the shield rim is a 2,000-foot (600-meter) escarpment, the Lauren tide Scarp. The rim is almost imperceptible in southern Ontario, but in northern Ontario it rises again to almost 1,500 feet (450 meters) above the northern shore of Lake Superior. From Manitoba northwestward, the shield edge is marked by a large number of lakes.
Most of the shield lies at elevations below 2,000 feet (600 metres). The shield contains a large variety of minerals (e.g., copper, silver, and gold), and its exploitation has been a principal source of Canada’s wealth. Because of all the minerals it has it is often called the storehouse of Canada's metallic minerals. The shield attracts mining companies because of its abundance of metallic minerals.The climate of the Canadian Shield is different from the climate in Alberta. In the Canadian Shield , there are short cold winters and long hot summers . In the southern part, there are very cold snowy winters, while the summers are warm and long. The southern part of the Canadian Shield gets lots of rain and snow each year. The Northern part gets very little rain and snow each year. Since the Canadian Shield is so big the temperature changes a lot. In the southern parts of the Canadian Shield such as Ontario the climate stays about the same all year long. The average temperature in the winter is -18*C. In the summer the temperature is 25*C degrees. The southern part has 15 hours of daylight in the summer and in the winter there is about 8.5 hours of daylight. In the northern part of the Canadian Shield they get 5 hours of daylight in the winter and 24 hours in the summer months.
The Interior plains lowlands
LOCATION AND LANDSCAPE
"The Interior Plains is located in west-central Canada. The east boundary of the Interior plains is at 96°W, west at 135°W, north at 70°N, and the southern end of Canada at 49°N . The Interior plains has an area of about 1 900 000 km^2, as well as 19 percent of Canada's population. The interior planes is the 4th largest region in Canada.
The Largest cities in the Interior Plains are Calgary, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Saskatoon, and Regina. The Interior plains fall under the mountain and central time zones. The largest lakes in the interior plains is the Great Bear Lake, Great Slave Lake, and Lake Winnipeg . The interior plains has flat plains, with gently rolling hills, lowlands,plateaus, foothills. The interior plains also has escarpments, and Badlands. Shallow ponds called sloughs and large areas of marshy wetlands can also be found in this region.
"The Interior Plains has long, cold winters and short, hot summers.". Winters in the Interior Plains are able to go as low as -30°C, and summers that reach above 30°C. The farther north you go, the colder it becomes, no matter the season. In addition, the Interior plains get less precipitation than most other regions in Canada . The precipitation in the interior plains is averaged between 300 mm and 500 mm (30 cm and 50 cm). The driest areas in the south west get an average of 271.
Great lakes - St. Lawrence Lowlands
The Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowland is the smallest region in Canada. It consists of Southern Ontario where the Great Lakes surrounds it. Along the banks of the St Lawrence river, on both sides, this region extends through the province of Quebec. This region has much flat land surrounded by few hills. Once, it was covered in pine forest, birch, hemlock, and maple trees but most of this land has been cleared for the use of farmland.
Nearly one out of six Canadians works in the Great Lakes/St. Lawrence Lowland region. All of the people's jobs in this region depend on geography. The electric power, agriculture, and construction areas provide the most jobs. Industries such as oil refineries, steel mills, automobile plants, furniture plants, food processing plants, clothing plants, offices, banks, publishers, etc. can be found here. This region is sometimes called the "manufacturing heart" of Canada.
Within the Great Lakes/St Lawrence Lowland region there are lots of natural resources. It has rich fertile level land for agriculture. It also is the second largest farming area in all of Canada. Some of the crops grown in Western Ontario and Southern Quebec are tobacco, peaches, cherries, grapes , apples, hay, vegetables, such as carrots, corn, onions, beets, peas and beans. St Lawrence lowland has lots of ranching which supply butter cheese and meat for the region. The number one resource is fresh water because it is used for cities, factories, ships to transport items and most of all human and animal survival.Great Lake St. Lawrence Lowland's climate is a humid, continental climate, meaning that it is a dry climate with very cold winters and very hot summers. During the summer, the Great Lakes tend to lower the temperature. The Great Lakes also raise the temperature in the surrounding areas in winter by storing heat.
Hudson Bay -Arctic Lowlands
The entire region is a vast sodden plain that slopes gently toward the sea at a gradient of less than a meter per kilometer. Up to 85 percent of the region is muskeg or peat-forming wetlands. Such a huge expanse of peat occurs nowhere else in North America and in only a few places in the world.
This is a land more of water than earth. Water lies everywhere - shallow oblong lakes, rivers that meander endlessly, streams running nowhere, bogs and fens; up to 50 percent of the surface is covered by water.The climate of the region depends largely on the water surface. In January and February the bay is covered with pack ice, preventing any warming effect on the air, and temperatures are consequently very low. The ice begins to melt in May and rapidly disappears in June, when cloudiness and fog increase. The water temperature rises up to 10°C in July and August as a result of the influx of fresh water. During October and November the waters of the bay yield heat and moisture, bringing showers of rain and snow. Fog is most frequent in June, July and August, as warm air cools over the colder water. Winds are strong in all but the summer months and rise to 110 km/h and even 150 km/h in autumn.
The Appalachians Mountains, often called the Appalachians are a system of mountains that are located in southern Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland. In this map of Canada's land form regions it is highlighted in pink.
The mountains away from the Canadian Shield were formed various times in geological history including the Appalachians. In the East, the Appalachian Mountains were formed about 375 million years ago.
Physical features of the landscape:These mountains were worn down by ice and water to produce a landscape of rolling hills and broad valleys. A typical height for mountains in this chain in about 1000 meters. These mountains were once much taller than they currently are however over the course of the years the process of erosions the mountains height decreased. The average width of this mountain range varies between 100 to 300 miles, while the average height for the mountains in this range is around 3,000 ft.
In the higher elevations the climate is quite harsh. However it is warm enough for trees to survive. The climate in the Appalachians varies throughout the year. It can be normally defined as cool and wet for most of the year. This makes the weather in these mountains quite pleasant, and attracts lots of tourists here each year.
The forest vegetation of the region is mixed coniferous and deciduous trees. There is a greater concentration of coniferous trees in cooler northern locations. Deposits in many of the valleys have led to the development of deep, fertile soils.
How will climate change alter Canada's physical environment
Canadians will face challenges in dealing with and adapting to the effects of climate change. Regional droughts may result in water shortages; rising sea levels and heavy precipitation events may lead to greater flood damage; warmer temperatures will favor more frequent thunderstorms and tornadoes. As said earlier the temperatures will get warmer in the north and the glaciers will start to melt,if this happens then a glacial erosion could happen, it could destroy land and it could scrape the lands and erode a mountain. also when all the water melts it could cause lands to flood and it could erode the bank and changing the physical environment.
Managing Canada's resources and industries
Canada's connections to the world
of the complex problems the world faces; climate change, poverty etc. Urban sprawl is the spreading of a city or its suburbs. It often involves the construction of residential and commercial buildings in rural areas or otherwise undeveloped land at the outskirts of a city. Most residents of typical sprawl neighborhoods live in single-family homes and commute by car to their jobs in the city Another issue Canadian cities will be facing is urban sprawl because as more people immigrate to Canada the more crowded it gets and it gets to the point where people want to move out of the crowded areas into suburban areas and as they do the environment gets destroyed in order to make room for houses and people and that can cause climate change and global warming and many other major issues.
How to prevent urban sprawl
My final way to prevent urban sprawl is to support and use alternative transportation. If your community doesn't have a transit service, push to get one. And if it does, use it. Walk or bike somewhere instead of adding to already-congested roadways.