Lydon B. Johnson

36th President

How He Became President

  1. 1960, he ran as JFK's running mate, and was elected as Vice President
  2. On November 22, 1963 Kennedy was assassinated, Johnson was sworn in as president
  3. Johnson kept Kennedy's popularity
  4. Made his opponent seem like a legislator who wanted to abolish the programs like social security that was created in the 1930s
  5. Johnson advocated for more programs
  6. Won 44 out of 50 states

The Great Society

  1. The Great Society was a set of domestic programs in the US first announced by LBJ
  2. Two of the main goals were eliminating poverty and racial injustice
  3. New major spending programs that addressed the education, medical care, and transportation were launched
  4. Resembled the new deal by FDR
  5. Expanded under Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford

24th Amendment

  1. The 24th Amendment passed in 1962 then ratified in 1964
  2. Outlawed poll taxes as voting requirements
  3. Poll taxes appeared after reconstruction period as a measure to keep African Americans from voting
  4. At the time the Amendment pass, 5 states remained poll states ( Texas, Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, an Mississippi)
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Tonkin Gulf Resolution

  1. Tonkin Gulf Resolution gave Johnson the authorization, without a formal declaration of war, to use military force in Southeast Asia
  2. Joint resolution to U.S Congress pass on August 7, 1964
  3. Direct response to the Gulf of Tonkin Incident

Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act

Civil Rights Act of 1964:
  1. Passed by Lyndon B. Johnson
  2. Outlawed public discrimination and segregation
  3. Forbade racism in the workplace
  4. Established the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to enforce the law
  5. Made federal government responsible for finding instances of discrimination
  6. Made discrimination based on race, religion, ethnic origin, or gender illegal
  7. Did not address many of the problems that dealt with voting issues

Voting Rights Act:

  1. Law designed to end formal and informal barriers to African American suffrage
  2. Provided all citizens with the right to vote regardless of race
  3. Signed by LBJ during American Civil Rights Movements
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1968 the "Watershed" year

My Lai Massacre:
  1. Mass murder conducted by US army
  2. Hundreds of unarmed Southern Vietnamese were killed (many were women, kids, and the elderly)
  3. American Lieutenant Calley was tried for murder, but claimed he was only following order

Martin Luther King Jr. Assassinated:

  1. On April 4, 1968 MLK Jr. was killed
  2. Set off a series of riots
  3. James Earl Ray, the assassin, resented black influence in society

Tet Offensive:

  1. Launched my Vietcong towards the Southern Vietnamese
  2. Had success in taking over the U.S embassy in Saigon, capital of South Vietnam

Democratic National Convention:

  1. Chicago
  2. Democratic delegates gathered to nominate Hubert Humphrey while anti-war protesters gathered outside to get their message across through T.V coverage
  3. Police tried to keep protesters out, and they battled in the streets
  4. Democrats divided and lost the 1968 election
  5. Reforms to the nomination process were made

Gulf of Tonkin Incident:

  1. American Destroyers Maddox and Turner Joy claimed they were attacked by Northern Vietnamese gunboats, a few days later they reported being attacked agin.
  2. Gave Johnson a justification for using air strike on targets in North Vietnam