Holocaust Survivors

There Stories

Joseph Bau

Joseph Bau was born on 18 June 1920 in Krakow. After completing his formal educational training, he continued his studies at the Faculty of Plastic Arts at the University of Krakow, where he enrolled in 1938.

The advent of war interrupted his studies. He was interred in the Krakow ghetto from in its inception, and was later imprisoned in the concentration camps at Plaszow, Gross-Rosen, and Brunnlitz. Like all camp inmates he was subjected to physical and mental abuse, but as a graphic artist his services were important to the camp administration. He drew plans, maps, and signs in gothic script.


the ghetto was not a Nazi invention. Its origins can be traced back to medieval times, when restrictions on the places where Jews were allowed to reside were commonplace throughout Europe. Although this restriction is usually perceived as relating to towns or cities, it even applied in certain cases to entire countries.
Child Holocaust survivor describes escape from mass execution


  1. A place where large numbers of people, especially political prisoners or members of persecuted minorities, are deliberately imprisoned in a relatively small area with inadequate facilities, sometimes to provide forced labor or to await mass execution. The term is most strongly associated with the several hundred camps made by the Nazis in Germany and occupied Europe in 1933–1945, among the most infamous being Dachau, Belsen, and Auschwitz.


Hostility to or prejudice against Jews. The term was popularized in Germany in 1873 as a scientific-sounding term for Judenhass ,"Jew-hatred". Antisemitism was considered hatred toward Jews individually and as a group that can be attributed to the Jewish religion and or ethnicity.Antisemitism may be manifested in many ways from expressions of hatred of or discrimination against individual Jews to organized violent attacks by mobs, state police, or even military attacks on entire Jewish communities. Anti-semitism was the worst racial discrimination act some people say in history may be even worse than slavery.