Defining Climate

Annual Averages and Variation


Fifty thousand years ago, the united states had much different weather patterns than those that exist today.

Climatology

Is the study of earths climate and the factors that cause past, present, and future climatic changes.

Normals

Data used to describe an area's climate are compiled from meteorological records, which are continuously gathered at thousands of locations around the world.

latitude

Topographic effects

Water heats up and cools down more slowly than land. Thus, large bodies of water affect the climates of coastal areas.

Air Masses

Two of the main causes of weather are the movement and interaction of air masses.