Artichoke-FOR Erasmus+ project
Collaborative dictionary of mythological plants
FUNDED BY EUROPEAN UNION
TARGET GROUP NUMBER: 4
Scientific name: Cynara scolymus
Globe artichoke is a variety of a species cultivated as a food.The Artichokes earliest cultivation occurred in the Mediterranean. This vegetable grows to 1.4–2 m tall and it has green leaves 50–82 cm long. The flowers develop in a large head from an edible bud about 8–15 cm diameter with numerous triangular scales; the individual florets are purple.
Uses, threats and singularity
Indigestion: Artichoke leaf extract seems to reduce symptoms such as vomiting and stomach pain in people with indigestion.
High cholesterol: Taking a specific artichoke extract seems good to reduce total and low-density of cholesterol after 6 to 12 weeks of treatment. Studies using cynarin, a specific substance found in artichoke, have shown conflicting results. Drinking frozen artichoke juice doesn't seem to low cholesterol levels and may increase levels of blood.
Scientifics have research that a specific artichoke leaf product improves the flow of bile from the liver. Artichoke, reduces abdominal pain and cramping, gas, and constipation after 6 weeks of treatment.
An account is given of the current viruses that infect globe artichoke and the diseases they cause. Most of the 23 viruses found in these crops were recorded from Europe and the Mediterranean Basin, where they constitute serious threats to the artichoke industry.
This vegetable grows to 1.4–2 m tall.