Industrial Revolution

Haley McLaughlin

Child Labor Laws

Starting at age six, children started working in factories. The work that they did was extremely dangerous. These small children would work up to 19 hour shifts and many of them got seriously injured on the job. The British people had to issue the factory act of 1833. This document stated many good things. It said that no children under the age of nine could work in factories, children ages 9-13 could not work any more than 9 hours a day, children 14-18 could not work more than 12 hours a day, no children could work at night, and each child had to go to two hours of schooling a day. These laws were in forced by four factory inspectors that each factory had. Even though this was a great act, it did not occur over night. It took some work for this act to permanently take action. However, after the British Factory Act of 1833 came to play, child labor was much less strict and not a major problem anymore.

Textile Industry in America

The American textile industry started with the simple invention of the spinning wheel. At this point in time spinning wheels were highly popular and in popular demand. Early industry in the United States started in e north near Boston. Soon, Eli Whitney created the cotton gin and that majorly increased the production process in the United States textile industry. There were a lot of cotton crops in America so with the cotton gin it was all exported to Britain to manufacturing company. Soon, with all of this change, the American textile industry was fully developed.


The Bessemer Process

One of the major ideas that came along with the Industrial Revolution was the Bessemer Process. It was a major mass production that made steel from molten pig iron. The main idea of this was to remove certain steel pigments in order to obtain iron properties. The easiest way to do this was with oxidation. Oxidation was removing silicon, carbon, and manganese. This process carried out so much iron and steel that the whole industrial process boomed!