Diaphragm

By: Natalia Rybak and Trinity Fan

What is it?

Diaphragms are dome-shaped bowls made of thin, flexible rubber that sits over the cervix and is used during sexual intercourse.

How does it work?

  • Keeps sperm from entering uterus by clocking cervix
  • Spermicide is put into bowl for extra protection
  • Inserted up to 6 hours before having sex
  • Additional spermicide must be used if going to have sex for more than 3 hours
  • It's a barrier to prevent sperm to enter the vagina.

What does it protect against?

  • STI: Sexual Transmissable Infections; only protects infections not diseases

How well does it work?

Over a one year course, 84 out of 100 couples don't have accidental pregnancies so there is a 84% success rate

What are the side effects?

  • Spermicides can irritate vagina and/or surrounding skin areas and can cause allergic reactions
  • Strong odors or vaginal discharges will be present if diaphragm is left on too long (if it is in longer then 6-8 hours after intercourse)
  • Toxic Shock Syndrome (TSS) is rare if diaphragm is left on too long

Who uses it?

Sexually active women who are taking responsibility and are trying to prevent getting pregnant.

How do you get it?

Doctors give it to you; measures the vagina to find the proper diaphragm size to prevent irritation.

How much does it cost?

  • $15-$75
  • Must be replaced every 2 years
  • Spermicide is $0.50-$1.50

A Summary

The diaphragm proves to work decently, an 84% success rate. If it were mixed with a condom it could work very well to prevent accidental pregnancies in woman either not ready or woman who do not want children. Although abstinence is the best prevention, the protection could greatly help sexually active women from having a unwanted pregnancy,