Psychological Disorders

Clay Crawford and Sarah Clarke

Definition:

a condition in which a behavior is judged

Dissociative Disorders:

Conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings

  • Dissociative Amnesia:

selective memory loss, often brought on by extreme stress

  • Dissociative Identity Disorder (Multiple Personality Disorder):

rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities

Mood Disorders

Characterized by emotional extremes

  • Major Depressive Disorder:

a mood disorder in which a person, for no apparent reason, experiences two or more weeks of depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities

  • Mania

a mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state

  • Bipolar Disorders:

a mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania


* Mood disorders can lead to depression and even suicide

Big image

Schizophrenia

  • Literal translation "split mind"
  • a group of severe psychotic disorders characterized by:

disorganized and delusional thinking

disturbed perceptions

inappropriate emotions and actions

  • May have delusions or hallucinations
  • Delusions: false beliefs, often of persecution or grandeur, that may accompany psychotic disorders
  • Hallucinations: false sensory experiences such as seeing something without any external visual stimulus
  • Subtypes of Schizophrenia:
Big image

Personality Disorder

a disorder characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning

  • Antisocial Personality Disorder:

disorder in which the person (usually male) exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even toward friends and family member