Egypt

"The gift of the Nile"

The Rosetta stone.

The Rosetta stone was the hieroglyphic script that lead to religious pasts. The Rosetta stone was found by French soldiers in 1777. Although the Rosetta stone was made in 196 BC. The stone was written in Greek and Coptic. The Rosetta stone is important because it lead to how the Egyptians lived and why they did what they did. With this we were able to understand Egypt better when the Rosetta stone was discovered.Greek was on the Rosetta stone that lead to hieroglyphics. Before the Rosetta stone no one knew how to read hieroglyphs.
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How physical geography effects ancient Egypt.

A large river, Nile, flows through 4,258 miles of Egypt. The Nile river starts in central Africa and ends near the Mediterranean sea. The Nile river it the most important feature of Egypt. So important that some people call Egypt "gift of the Nile ." The Nile river is important because, when the river floods it produces delta; a triangle shaped area of land made from soil deposited by a river. Many people moved, or lived in Egypt because of the rich soil that the Nile river provided. The richer soil helped the people farm, and grow crops. In Egypt there were cataracts, or rapids in the river, that protected Egypt from invaders. The cataracts were big waves that washed away boats that tried to cross over to Egypt. Egypt is similar to Mesopotamia because both lands were used for their rich soil.

Egypt social Hierarchy


Gods; Such as Anubis; Gods were the ones who picked the paths for people. They chose how the people in Egypt lived, what their life was like and what their rank was.

Pharaoh; The pharaoh ruled Egypt like a god. The pharaohs were in charge of the town and the people in the town.

Nobles; Officials and priests helped run the government and temples. These were kind of like the secretary to the pharaohs. They were like the second-hand man.

Scribes and craftspeople: Scribes and craftspeople wrote and produced goods. They were kind of like what we call today "people who work in a market," Scribe and craftspeople made the food and the books, or scrolls. These people had more "knowledge" than the farmers, servants and slaves.

Farmers, Servants, and Slaves; Most Egyptians were farmers workers and slaves. This how ever made the job "less interesting" or "normal." What made these peoples job important was there muscle.



Slaves could have never built a pyramid because they didn't have enough money to build a pyramid, because slaves did not make money. This is why slaves are on the bottom of Egyptian hierarchy.

Pharaohs

Many famous pharaohs have done many famous things. But take Khufu for example. Khufu built the great pyramid of Giza. He not only built the pyramid but he paid people do help him make the pyramid. If Khufu had never ruled slaves would have been more and more popular in Egypt. Pharaohs were chosen by the gods of Egypt. A god would send a message to the preacher to tell Egypt who the next pharaoh would be. If two people were told to be a pharaoh at the same time they would fight to the death. Who ever the god wanted to be the pharaoh would win the fight because the god was protecting them. All the contributions for pharaohs make us who we are today.

Egyptian religion.

Egyptians were polytheistic, witch means they worshiped many gods. Unlike today where many people only worship one god. Egyptians also believed in after life. After someone died they would be mummified and put into tombs. Mummification means that Egyptians intestines were removed, rapped in linen and put into glass jars. Once the intestines were removed, the body was also rapped in linen and and covered in salt for one month. This helped the body dry out and not Denigrate; or break into small pieces. After the salt process the mummy would be put in a sarcophagus and put into tombs, also known as temples.They believed that months later their ka, or the persons sprit, would come and find there soul. They would go into afterlife. Nothing bad ever happened in afterlife. Some describe afterlife as a dream.
Information on pyramids.

Click the link above to learn more about pyramids. :)