Welcome to Botswana

7 Calvin S.

Botswana Geography

Botswana is about as big as Texas. Botswana has hot winters and cold summers. Botswana is semiarid which means it gets very little rain fall. It has periodic droughts. It is mostly flat to small hills. It produces diamonds, copper, nickel, and salt. Okavango Delta was formed from the Okavango River. When the water reaches the Okavango Delta it all evaporates so they lose all of their water. Gaborone is the Capital of Botswana.


Desertification in Botswana: Seasonal August winds blow from the west, carrying sand and dust across the country.

Botswana History

1885- Botswana was declared a British Protectorate by Royal Decree.

1930- Chiefs began demands for not only national symbols like flags but also self-government.

1955 -The "winds of change" were blowing at gale proportions in Africa and it became apparent that Britain would concede to demands for national independence.

1961- A new constitution provided for an advisory executive Council, a representative Legislative Council and an Advisory African Council.

1966 - Independence from Great Britain

Botswana Culture

The ethnic groups from Botswana Tswana (or Setswana) 79%, Kalanga 11%, Basarwa 3%, other, including Kgalagadi and white 7%. Botswana's main language is Setswana which makes sense because that is their biggest ethnic group. Botswana's holidays are about the same as the U.S. but they have a few different ones like Boxing Day on the 26th of December. Botswana is mostly Christian and one of their holidays is Christmas.
Botswana National Anthem
Hymne national du Botswana

Government of Botswana

Botswana has a parliamentary republic government. The president of Botswana is Seretse Khama, the president is also the head of state. Cabinet is a appointed by the president. A president may be elected twice for five-year terms. Highest courts are the Court of Appeal and the High Court. Some political parties are Botswana Alliance Movement or BAM and Botswana Congress Party or BCP.

Economy of Botswana

Two major investment services rank Botswana as the best credit risk in Africa. Diamond mining has fueled much of the expansion and currently accounts for more than one-third of GDP, 70-80% of export earnings, and about one-third of the government's revenues. Botswana's heavy reliance on a single luxury export was a critical factor in the sharp economic contraction of 2009. Tourism, financial services, subsistence farming, and cattle raising are other key sectors.


Exports:

diamonds

copper

nickel

soda ash

meat

textiles


Imports

foodstuffs

machinery

electrical goods

transport equipment

textiles

fuel and petroleum products

wood and paper products

metal and metal products

Top 5 places to Visit

1. Chobe National Park

2. Okavango Delta

3. Gaberone

4. Sua Pan

5.Kalahari Desert