Sectionalism and Industrialization

American System

  • Clay first used the term “American System” in 1824, although he had been working for its specifics for many years previously.
  • the national system of internal improvements was never adequately funded
  • The South was never really on board with the American System and had access to plenty of markets for its cotton exports.
  • Henry Clay
  • John C. Calhoun

Cotton Gin

  • The cotton gin was a very simple invention.
  • The South became the cotton producing part of the country because Whitney’s cotton gin was able to successfully pull out the seeds from the cotton bolls.
  • The Northern part of the United States bought more cotton and built more textile mills
  • Eli Whitney's

War of 1812

  • In the War of 1812, the United States took on the greatest naval power in the world, Great Britain, in a conflict that would have an immense impact on the young country’s future.
  • The United States suffered many costly defeats at the hands of British, Canadian and Native American troops over the course of the War of 1812
  • The ratification of the Treaty of Ghent on February 17, 1815, ended the war but left many of the most contentious questions unresolved.
  • James Madison
  • Henry Clay

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