A full grown English Springer Spaniel weighs an average of 45 pounds and stand about 18 inches tall from the shoulders to the top of the head (Columbia University Press 1). Most commonly when someone thinks about Springer Spaniels what comes to mind are their dominant colors of liver and white and their long coats, but this isn’t always true. According to the Columbia University Press, “It’s long medium length coat is flat or wavy with fringe of longer hair on the ears, chest, legs, or belly… and its coat is usually liver and white, tan and white, or black and white” (1). One trait that makes the Springer Spaniels a popular hunting dog is their tough skin, which allows them to run through brush easier. Another reason spaniel is quality show dogs are because of their long hair, stance, and overall energy (Dearth 1). A downside to spaniels is their long ears, which lead to ear infections if not treated correctly.
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Before the Springer Spaniel’s discovery in the United States, they were popular in Canada (American Kennel Club 1). But Kim Dearth states that “most historians believe the English springer spaniel… takes its name and heritage from an origin in Spain” (1). So why is this information conflicting? This information is incompatible due to the fact of Eudore Chevrier of Winnipeg, who had firstly imported the hunting dogs from Spain, then exported them throughout the United States (Dearth 1). According to Encyclopedia Britannica the springer spaniels have been “know since at least the 14th century” (1). The duties of the spaniels changed though in 1630, when the flintlock was invented; hunters needed dogs that were able to hunt in gun range and to hold steady under shot (Dearth 1). As a result of the spaniels easy trainability, they were selected. The American Kennel Club recognizes nine breeds of the spaniel, "American water spaniel, clumber spaniel, cocker spaniel, English cocker spaniel, English springer spaniel, field spaniel, Irish water spaniel, Sussex spaniel, and Welsh springer spaniel"(1).
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