Structure of the Executive Branch

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Vice President of the United States

- He is ready at a moment's notice to assume the presidency if the president is unable to perform his duties

- The Vice President has been more involved with the policy-making process in recent years than the past.

Members of the President's Cabinet

- The Vice President and the heads of 15 executive departments — the Secretaries of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, Housing and Urban Development, Interior, Labor, State, Transportation, Treasury, and Veterans Affairs, as well as the Attorney General all make up the President's Cabinet.

- The Cabinet supervise their departments and all the people in the department.

The Executive Departments

  • Secretary of Agriculture

  • Secretary of Defense

  • Secretary of Commerce

  • Secretary of Education

  • Secretary of Energy

  • Secretary of Health

  • Secretary of Human Services

  • Secretary of Homeland Security

  • Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

  • Secretary of Interior

  • Secretary of Labor

  • Secretary of State

  • Secretary of Transportation

  • Secretary of Treasury

  • Secretary of Veteran Affairs

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National Security Council

The National Security Council is the President's principal forum for considering national security and foreign policy matters with his senior national security advisors and cabinet officials. The Vice President, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Defense, and the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs are in it.


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Office of Management and Budget

They assist the president in preparing the annual federal budget and to oversee its administration via the executive branch agencies.

White House staff

chief of staff- word gets out to the people who are supposed to be reporting to you and taking orders from you that you can’t touch them, you have limited authority to really make things happen

press secretary- A senior White House official whose primary responsibility is to act as spokesman for the United States government administration, especially with regard to the president, senior executives, and policies.

White House staff members- The Chief of Staff oversees and coordinates the efforts of the fifteen executive departments.
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Agencies Within the Cabinet Departments

  1. IRS - to collect the taxes for the government.

  2. FBI - protect and defend the United States against terrorist and foreign intelligence threats, to uphold and enforce the criminal laws of the United States, and to provide leadership and criminal justice services to federal, state, municipal, and international agencies and partners.

  3. Forest Service - administers the nation's 154 national forests and 20 national grasslands, which encompass 193 million acres

  4. Marines - The Marines are a part of the Department of the Navy and operate in close cooperation with U.S. Naval forces at sea.

  5. Navy - naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces

  6. US Marshalls - capturing fugitives, serving federal arrest warrants, transporting prisoners, and overseeing the witness protection program.

  7. Coast Guard - It’s a maritime, military, multi-mission service unique among the U.S.

    8. DEA - combats drug smuggling and use within the United States.

    The Federal Bureaucracy are Federal Organizations that handle the day to day administration of law and government.

Independent Agencies

  1. CIA - gathers intelligence and provides national security assessments to policymakers in the United States.

  2. CFTC - regulates commodity futures and option markets in the United States.

  3. CFPB - responsible for consumer protection in the financial sector.

  4. EPA - works with state and local governments throughout the United States to control and abate pollution in the air and water and to deal with problems related to solid waste, pesticides, radiation, and toxic substances.

  5. FCC - charged with regulating interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.

FEC - oversees campaign financing for all federal elections.

Regulatory Commisions

  1. Can supervise significant industries critical to America.

  2. Can create rules and regulations

  3. investigate and enforce rules and regulations

  4. decide disputes and enact penalties