Methamphetamine

What is Methamphetamine ?

Methamphetamine (Also known as crystal, meth, and chalk,) is an extremely addictive stimulant drug. It comes in forms of a white,odorless, bitter-tasting crystalline powder.

Short term Effects:

Some short-term effects include:


  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Increased , blood pressure, heart rate and body temperature
  • Bizarre;sometimes violent behavior
  • Panic and psychosis

Long term Effects:

Some long-term effects include:



  • Permanent damage to blood vessels of heart and brain,high blood pressure leading to heart attacks, strokes and death
  • Severe kidney, lung and liver damage
  • Severe tooth decay
  • Depression
  • Damage to brain

How is it used?

Methamphetamine is ingested, smoked, snorted, or dissolved in water or alcohol and injected.

Legal Status

Meth is illegal for both medical or personal use in Canada. In 2005, meth was moved to schedule I of the controlled Drugs and substances act. According to public health agency, 62% of meth found in Japan is from Canada.The maximum penalty for production, distribution or possession of methamphetamine has increased from 10 years to life in prison.

Social factors that may influence drug use

There are many reasons why people take drugs. Here are some of the factors which can influence them:


Experimentation- Some people try drugs for the first time as an experiment, because they are curious or because friends are doing it.


Peer Pressure- When teens were asked why they started using drugs , 55% replied it was due to peer pressure.Friends and acquaintance have the greatest influence on adolescent for drug abuse.


Family Influence- Children who have a poor example to follow, such as addicted parents or older siblings may be more likely to try meth or other drugs and may view them as an acceptable decision.


For thrill- This is a major factor, as many people take meth or other drugs for the ‘buzz’ or ‘thrill’.

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How can decision making skills and communication be used to respond to different influences?

To make a correct decision, an individual must be able to recognize the pros and cons of something, look at all aspects of a situation and decide on a path that leads to a productive, enjoyable life. It is common to associate peer pressure with negative influence but it can also be a force for positive change. If the individual belongs to a group that supports recovery from addiction or the group influences the person in a positive way, then it can encourage them to make positive changes in their life.

References:

Contributing Factors of Substance Abuse and Drug & Alcohol Addiction. (2014, April 22). Retrieved December 17, 2015, from http://sobercollege.com/contributing-factors-substance-abuse-addiction/


Drug Abuse Facts. (n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2015, from http://www.teenchallenge.ca/get-help/educational-resources/drug-abuse-facts


Information About Illegal Drugs & Alcohol Abuse - Drug-Free World. (n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2015, from http://www.drugfreeworld.org/home.html


Peer Pressure and Substance Abuse. (n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2015, from http://alcoholrehab.com/drug-addiction/peer-pressure-and-substance-abuse/


Why Does Peer Pressure Influence Teens To Try Drugs? (n.d.). Retrieved December 17, 2015, from https://teens.drugabuse.gov/blog/post/why-does-peer-pressure-influence-teens-try-drugs