Five Figurative Languages Types

Add style to your sentences.

Simile

Definition:

A comparison between two thing using the words like and as.

Example:

Cute as a Kitten.

Meaning:

You are comparing someone to a kitten.

Metaphor

Definition:

A word or phrase that applies to an object or action that does not apply to real life.

Example:

The classroom was a zoo.

Meaning:

Saying that a classroom is crazy, and the students are acting crazy.

Idiom

Definition:

a group of words established by usage as having a meaning not deducible from those of the individual words.

Example:

a piece of cake

Meaning:

Very easy.

Hyperbole

Definition:

exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.

Example:

Bill has tons of money.

Meaning:

Bill really doesn't have a ton of money he is exaggerating, that he has a ton, or lots, of money.

Pun

Definition:

a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings.

Example:

A vulture boards a plane, carrying two dead possums. The attendant looks at him and says, "I'm sorry, sir, only one carrion allowed per passenger."

Meaning:

The vulture is only allowed to have one dead animal on the plane.

Story:

The Fire House:

A dark, stormy afternoon, at Small Quail Walk, in Dimondale. David went to check on his little sister, Janet. While David was walking up the stairs, he heard something, strange. It sounded like something was going on in Janet’s room. As David walked down the dark hallway, it was getting hotter like the sun, and Janet’s door was lit. David walked slower and heard the crackling of fire. David didn’t know what to do, whether to open the door or, call the firefighters. David waited a little longer and the noise was gone. David was relieved that the sound was gone. David opened Janet’s door, smoke came rushing out of the door like a volcano erupting smoke instead. Setting off fire alarms, David wasn’t concerned about the smoke, he wanted to check on Janet. Janet’s room all torn up, burnt, and broken. David walked in saw no Janet, he looked out the window still didn’t see her. He got out of her room and thought that Janet might be outside.

David went to the front door and opened it. He looked out into the darkness that filled the world. Still, Janet wasn’t found, she wasn’t in her room, she isn’t outside. Then David realized he saw Janet last in the basement. David went to the basement and saw Janet reading a small book. David was happy to find out that Janet was safe.

David told Janet what happen and to tell him where she is. Janet wasn't happy to hear the news. Janet went to check, but it was still hot up there. David tried to cheer Janet up with some puns, like "A vulture tries to board a plane holding two dead opossums. The attendant said, 'sorry one carrion per passenger."

David was a gun pointing at Janet. Janet was walking down the warm hallway. When Janet got to the cracked door, she started to cry. David went to the phone to call their parents, but the phone was gone when he remembered that it was in Janet´s room. David was not happy about this but, went to check if it was still in there. David sprinted to Janet´s room to check, he checked everywhere and found a phone but wasn´t the home phone. David tried to turn it on, it worked and he called their parents. No one was on the line. Instead, other people were hogging the line. David got worried. It was a school night and their parent wasn't home. The time was still early. David was glad that he completed his homework, or else he would bite someone.

Answers:

Answers to the reading.