Susan B. Anthony

By Emily Brown - 6th period

Biography

Born February 5, 1820, in Adams, Massachusetts, Susan B. Anthony was a social reformer, an abolitionist, a strong supporter of the temperance movement, and a fierce feminist who played a large role in helping women gain the right to vote. She grew up in a Quaker community in Pennsylvania, and after she completed boarding school she became a teacher. After ten years of teaching, Anthony tired of the profession and its endless prejudice against women, so she quit and became a full-time activist. She met and developed a close friendship with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and together the two of them crusaded relentlessly for women's right to vote, temperance, and abolition. Unfortunately, Susan B. Anthony died on March 13, 1906, more than a decade before women could legally vote.

Schoolhouse Rock - Women's Suffrage movement
Like Thoreau, Anthony believed that civil disobedience is necessary when the government's "tyranny or its inefficiency are great and unendurable" (Thoreau). For Anthony, this tyranny came in the form of the refusal of women's suffrage and inspired her and several other women to rebel against the government's authority. While Thoreau was arrested because he "paid no poll-tax for six years," Anthony was jailed because she attempted to vote at all. On November 5, 1872, Susan B. Anthony cast her voting ballot; 23 days later, she was arrested. At her trial, the prejudiced court refused to allow Anthony to testify on her behalf, and she was quickly found guilty and fined $100. However, due to her rebellious determination, Anthony repeatedly refused to pay this fine and the court eventually yielded.