The Dutch Revolt 1568-1648

The 80 Year war

No taxation without representation!

On June 5th 1568 Lamoral, Count of Egmont and Philip de Montmorency, count of Hoorn were executed for protesting the Spanish inquisition. This act was seen as a counter-attack on Beeldenstorm Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alba. Four years later Egmond castle and Egmond abbey were destroyed by Diederik Sonoy and the Geuzen (Geuzen means beggars in english.) The Geuzen were primarily a navy force also called Water Geuzen (or water beggars.) The Spanish tried to set a 10% income tax which angered the Dutch. On the other hand, the intensely moralistic Dutch Protestants insisted their Biblical theology, sincere and humble lifestyle was morally superior to the luxurious habits and false religiosity of the ecclesiastical nobility. Calvinism soon became the preferred belief by the Spanish and Dutch.



William The Silent

A man named William I, Prince of Orange was a landowner that owned more Dutch land than anyone else after king Philip II. He refused to swear on the Dukes oath of allegiance and was neither a rebel nor a monarch. Since refusal from William the Duke tried to 'persuade' him by Arresting his son, who was studying in Leuven, Belgium. William since then staged three raids and became one of the biggest icons of rebellion. William then turned the rebellion into an all out war and won several territories and brought the Spanish to a stalemate in Holland. King Philip began to focus on England because the Queen began to assist the Dutch. Eventually the Spanish king went bankrupt and did not have any money to protect against the rebellion

-"My god, have pity on my soul; My god, have pity on these poor people."

William The Silents last words 1584



Outcome

In 1648 the Dutch then achieved victory over the Spanish, and stopped the Spanish immersion into Dutch territories