Slavery in the South

“Knowledge makes aman unfit to be aslave.”-Fredrick Douglass

The existence of slavery had many long-term effects on many generations of African Americans and they Still have. To think about these effects of the present we must journey back through the past.

First, we’ll take a look at some of the harsh conditions slaves lived in. When most slaves were sold to other owners, they usually lost their family, their home, their names, and a great sense of security because most slavs didn’t know what expect from their slave owners. Most slaves where given the bare minimum of everything that is needed to thrive I.e., food, clothing, shelter, and care. Most slaves lived in stick cabins that had dirt floors and rags to cover the windows. The walls were hole-y and would often leak and blow in cold air during the winters. The slaves were given old rags and hand me downs from the white slave Masters family and only had two sets of clothing, One for the winter season and one for summer. The slave mothers would stay up after a long day of work to make better clothing for the family. Most slaves weren't given fish or meat by the slave owners, so they had to tend to small plots of land.

Slave Labor

Of all the cash crops in the South cotton was the most productive cash crop. as more cotton production came under way, slaves were in a bigger demand. Slaves worked a majority of jobs in the South, but the majority of them were field hands. Both men, children and women worked in the fields. The slave owners would decide when the children would enter the fields usually around the ages of 10-12. The cotton picking season began in August, in the hot midst of summer. An normal day of work for a slave would usually, be picking 200 pounds of cotton. Anything less and they would be beaten, anything more and that would be taken from tomorrow's work. Only until after they were done working were they able to go home to tend to their own families.

Slave Rebellions

Ways to Rebel

Some slaves' reacted towards the harsh conditions and brutal whippings by leading revolts. A great example is the rebellion lead by slave Nat Turner. In 1831, he led a rebellion that left 60 white people in Virginia dead. Most of revolts were rare to find because white people outnumbered blacks i n the South. Most other slaves found different ways to rebel like sabotaging tools and crops and faking sickness and illness. The most effective way for a slave to rebel was to run away. The slaves that would run used a passage of safe houses known as the underground railroad.