SNAP

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program

Recognizing the Problem

The problem was brought about during the Great Depression. When the crop prices drastically dropped the farms across America didn’t know what to do with the surplus. In order to help the farmers the federal government bought basic farm items at a discount price and gave them hem to hunger relief agencies. agencies Henry Wallace was the creator of food stamps. People could buy orange stamps. “President Kennedy's first Executive Order called for expanded food distribution and, on Feb. 2, 1961, he announced that food stamp pilot programs would be initiated. The pilot programs would retain the requirement that the food stamps be purchased, but eliminated the concept of special stamps for surplus foods (USDA).”

Formulating the Policy

The public policy was formulated “..,for food distribution to avoid duplicating efforts by local relief agencies.” The program was created as a key component of the new deal program. Food assistance could now help low income families purchase food stamps, either blue or orange. The blue tickets were used to buy certain foods that were determined as being surplus by the Federal Surplus Relief Corporation, and the “orange stamps equal to their normal food expenditures; for every $1 worth of orange stamps purchased, 50 cents worth of blue stamps were received”.


Adopting the Policy

The food stamp act was passed on 1964. It was part of President Lyndon Johnson's Great Society Program. The goal was to accomplish a better functioning use of agriculture over produced, strengthen its economy and improve nutrition for individuals with low incomes . “On Jan. 31, 1964, President Johnson requested Congress to pass legislation making the FSP permanent. Secretary Orville Freeman submitted proposed legislation to establish a permanent FSP on April 17, 1964. Once the bill passed through congress it started to strengthen the agricultural economy and put regulations into law

Implementing the Policy

SNAP was approved as part of the Agricultural Act on February 7 ,2014. It was run by the Department of Agriculture Implementations were put in effect such as improving wage verification, quality control standards and mandating state immigration verifications. They also approved the Agricultural Act by improving wage verification using national Directory of Hires and prohibited government sponsored recruitment activities.

Evaluate the Policy

This policy was a success because it has increased benefits, boosted the economy and eased hardship. It has provided a 13.6% improvement in benefits and has responded effectively towards recession. They also met the need of low income families and maintained payment accuracy.

The policy was a failure because it has high management costs and notable amounts of fraud and abuse. Also the work requirements are weak and the federal and state governments loosened the eligibility for receiving SNAP benefits.

Citations

"Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)." A Short History of SNAP. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. <http://www.fns.usda.gov/snap/short-history-snap>.

"The History of SNAP." Snap To Health. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. <http://www.snaptohealth.org/snap/the-history-of-snap/>.

"Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)." A Short History of SNAP. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. <http://www.fns.usda.gov/snap/short-history-snap>.

"The History of SNAP." Snap To Health. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. <http://www.snaptohealth.org/snap/the-history-of-snap/>.

"Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)." A Short History of SNAP. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. <http://www.fns.usda.gov/snap/short-history-snap>.


“United States Department of Agriculture.” Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program”. Web 21 Mar. 2014.

<http://www.fns.usda.gov/sites/default/files/SNAP%20Provisions%20of%20the%20Agricultural%20Act%20of%202014%20-%20Implementing%20Memo.pdf>/.


"The History of SNAP." Snap To Health. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. <http://www.snaptohealth.org/snap/the-history-of-snap/>

. Rosenbaum, Dottie. "Center on Budget and Policy Priorities." SNAP Is Effective and Efficient. 11 Mar. 2013. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. <http://www.cbpp.org/cms/?fa=view&id=3239>.


Tanner, Michael. "SNAP Failure: The Food Stamp Program Needs Reform." SNAP Failure: The Food Stamp Program Needs Reform. 16 Oct. 2013. Web. 17 Nov. 2014. <http://www.cato.org/publications/policy-analysis/snap-failure-food-stamp-program-needs-reform>.