Pan Africanist Congress

(PAC)

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What was the PAC, and what did they accomplish?

The PAC was a breakaway group from the ANC that believed that the anti-apartheid movement should not include white liberals or white communists. They believed this because they felt that the whites had too much to lose, and couldn't be reliable because of this. They also believed that the ANC was making too many compromises, and couldn't get any real results.

One of the accomplishments of the PAC was the Poqo campaign which set out to use very violent techniques to further the movement that included killing whites and police. They did succeed in killing two whites while trying to free blacks from a prison. However when a massive revolt was planned, in which thousands of PAC supporters would attack points and kill many whites, the plans were publicized at a press conference two days before it was scheduled to happen. As a result of this, police were able to arrest and imprison most of the members of PAC, and the movement was stalled until around 1986 when it went under new leadership.

This new leader was Johnson Mlambo, and Mlambo was able to revive the PAC by making it less of a radical organization, and allowing whites to become members.

What was the Significance of the PAC to the Anti-Apartheid movement?

The PAC was significant to the movement as it showed the lack of success extreme violence had in furthering the movement. This movement was seen by blacks in South Africa as generally a failure and generally steered other movements such as the ANC towards more peaceful protests which in the end tended to gain more international support. It also urged other movements to be more careful about what information they give out to the public.

Works Cited

O'Malley, Padraig. "Pan Africanist Conference." O'Malley Heart of Hope. Nelson Mandela Centre of Memory, 1 Jan. 2005. Web. 15 Nov. 2015.