Created By: Kiersten Bartlett
- In December 1953, just a bit more than a year after he was paroled from prison, Malcolm became the minister at the NOI’s Boston mosque, Temple No. 11. The following year he also became the minister at Temple No. 12 in Philadelphia and Temple No. 7 in New York.
- In 1957, Malcolm found the NOI newspaper, Muhammad Speaks.
- Beginning in the 1960s, Malcolm was invited to participate in numerous debates, including
Black Panther Party
The Black Panther Party, founded in 1966 by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale, was based on ideas such as black nationalism and a staunch belief in the necessity of violence and armed self-defense in order to obtain freedom from white oppression – ideas which are strongly associated with Malcolm X’s life work.