Causes of the American Revolution

Bella Griffith 1763-1776

Navigation Acts

The Navigation Acts was when England restricted trade between colonies. This was meant to give England wealth. There were 2 strict rules that the colonists had to follow. The first one was that certain goods were only shipped in the empire, such as indigo, sugar, and tobacco. The second one stated that items intended to travel outside the empire had to first go to England. The NavigationAct also included the "Sugar Act" which was when England put taxes on the sugar that was being shipped from the French West Indies, which made sugar costly. This limited colonial manufactures.
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The Proclaimation on 1763

The Proclamation of 1763 was written after the French and Indian War, which is why King George III issued the Proclamation of 1763 on October 7th, 1763 to avoid more violent outbreaks with the natives. Due to this, colonists reacted angrily because they wanted to settle on the land west of the Appalachian Mountains and did not want troops to live with them.

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The Stamp Act

The Stamp Act was issued in 1765 which put taxes on all paper goods which included cards and books. It was issued because there was still a large debt from wars that needed to be paid off. After the Stamp Act was created, Samuel Adams and the Committees of Correspondence protested violently sometimes and boycotted the English goods. Soon after, Samuel Adams created the Sons of Liberty to protest against British policies and also sometimes acted violently. The 9 colonies eventually met up in New York and created a congress to discuss the intolerable taxes. This was called the Stamp Act Congress. Benjamin Franklin wrote a letter to parliament. King George III had no chouce due to the boycotting to repeal the Stamp Act. He ignored Ben Franklin's letter and ordered more soldiers into the colonies.
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Quartering Act

In response to the Stamp Act protests, the British sent even more troops into the colonies, which lead to the Quartering Act. The Quartering act was when England required the colonists to house (quarter) any soldier. The soldiers also had the rights of Writs of Assistance, which giving them the rights to search any home. There were two major issue with the Quartering Acts.One was that the colonists did not enjoy having a large standing army of search warrants (Writs of Assistance). The second one was that housing and taking care of the soldiers was expensive on top of all the taxes.

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Townshend Acts

The Townshend Acts was when the parliament put taxes on tea, glass, paper, and other items. Due to this, the Daughters of Liberty were created. The Daughters of Liberty made their own substitute of the goods that were taxed. But, in 1770 the Townshend Acts were appealed, unfortunately the parliament continued to tax tea. Due to this, the Sons of Liberty reacted violently against British officials and tax collectors and attacking their homes. Sometimes they even tarred and feathered them.
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Boston Massacre

On March 5, 1770 a small rebellion formed when they were arguing with British troops. Soon, they started acting violently and began daring the soldiers to shoot. The troops eventually started spraying fire and ultimately killed 5 people. Samuel Adams witnessed the incident and then used it as propaganda (one-sided evidence to persuade a group of people) and shared ideas and news with the other colonies. John Adams, whom was Samuel Adams' cousin, chose to represent the troops and gave them the right to have a trial.
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Tea Act & Boston Tea Party

The Tea Act was the law passed to make British East India Company the only company allowed to sell tea to the colonists. Though this made the price of the tea lower, the colonists were still unhappy because they were forced to pay import taxes. Again, the Sons of Liberty reacted. They dressed up as Indians and illegally entered tea ships and dumped 342 pounds of tea into the Boston Harbor.
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Intolerable Acts (Coercive Acts)

Four laws were created due to the Intolerable Acts. One was that the parliament was stopping all trade from Boston to Britain. The next one was that the parliament didn't allow colonial meetings anymore. The 3rd one was that Britain earned full control of the colony. The last one was that it strengthened the Quartering Acts. The colonists named these acts the Intolerable Acts because of the harshness included. The other colonies reacted negatively because they were going down economically, which led to support Boston as goods were brought in through other colonies.
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The American Revolution

All of these things led up to the American Revolution, which was when the 13 colonies fought Britain for independence. The many incidents that occurred over the years in the colonies, such as the Boston Massacre, were social causes of the American Revolution. The taxation of the goods, such as sugar, paper, tea, and glass, angered the colonists, which in my opinion was the biggest lead to the American Revolution. I do believe the colonists had a legitimate reason to declare independence from Britain.
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