Peter the Great


Within the period of his reign, which lasted from 1682 until his death in 1725, Peter the Great managed to bring Russia out of the Dark Ages and modernize it through skillful diplomacy, the development of the first Russian navy, and the institution of reforms. Though the methods he used to fulfill his goals were often destructive and resulted in rebellion and strife, he was nevertheless hugely responsible for the development of Russia into the global power we know it as today.



  1. Pollard, Elizabeth, and Clifford Rosenberg. "Cultures of Splendor and Power, 1500-1780." Worlds Together, Worlds Apart. Concise ed. Vol. B. New York: W. W. Norton & Co., 2015. 510-516. Print.
  2. Reilly, Kevin. "Emperor Kangxi on Religion, 1661-1722." Worlds of History: A Comparative Reader. 5th ed. Vol. 2. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2000. 559-663. Print.
  3. Thompson, John M. "Peter the Great and Westernization, 1689-1725." Russia and the Soviet Union: A Historical Introduction from the Kievan State to the Present. 7th ed. Boulder: Westview, 2013. 99-115. Print.
  4. Mercouris, Alexander. "A Very Brief History of China-Russia Relations." Da Russophile. 30 May 2015. Web. 4 Dec. 2015. <>.


  1. Portrait of Peter the Great:
  2. The Winter Palace of St. Petersburg:
  3. Beard Tax: