Read "S'more" About It
Kylee Stock; Editor-in-Cheif
Children in Abusive Work Stations?
Dangerous Town, USA-Little boys and girls from Atlanta, Georgia combed and spun from a bobbin to make white fluffy cotton. The job of a "spinner" was a job for someone with fast hands and usually little kids are not that good at being quick and doing the job well. A spinner must quickly tie two ends of the string together when a thread breaks. The worst job for a little boy was, the "doffer boy." Doffer boys were the ones who took the bobbin off once it was filled and puts and empty in its place. This job could be dangerous and the adults knew that it was dangerous but still made the kids do the job. The machine could be so high up that if the children slipped and fell, they could get hurt badly. Children were forced to go into the old, dangerous, dark and mysterious work places. Also, the children had to work from 7 o'clock in the morning until 6 o'clock at night. With keeping the kids inside so long with the windows shut, it doesn't give them the fresh air and sunlight that they need. Also, the children don't get any education or play time to grow strong.
Suffering Women Day and Night.
Women Wonderland-Progressives are reformers that focused on urban problems, workers, and corrupt political machines. This applies to my topic, women suffrage because many women and people that believed women should have the right to vote, all put in work to allow women the right to vote. In 1892, Olympian Brown finds the Federal Suffrage Association to campaign for women's suffrage. In 1920, the 19th amendment came out allowing women the right to vote. This was a very important event for women who have been fighting for their right to vote. These women struggled a ton and fought through so many things. For example, Alice Paul and her association were in jail. She was not eating and she said, "It occurred to me that I just didn't see how I could go ahead and continue to eat meat. It just seemed so... cannibalistic to me. And so, I'm a vegetarian, and I have been ever sense." Alice was being so stubborn to get her right to vote that the workers had to physically shove food down her nose and mouth so she would eat. This shows that many women put effort into getting their right to vote and to be equal to men.
Crazy King, Crazy Country Attacking the U.S.
Honolulu Hawaii-The United States wanted wanted the port of Pearl Harbor in exchange for renewing the sugar treaty. King Kalakaua refused to give up Hawaii. The Hawaiian League forced the King to sign a new constitution in July 1887. The King was very angry and called it the Bayonet Constitution. This restricted his power and deprived most Hawaiians to vote. King Kalakaua was forced to give the United States Pearl Harbor. This allowed U.S. warships a permanent warship port. This allowed the U.S. to gain more territory. On December 7th, 1941, hundreds of Japanese fighter planes attack on the United States naval base, Pearl Harbor. It lasted 2 long and horrifying hours. The Japanese destroyed 20 American naval vessels including 8 ginormous battleships and about 200 airplanes. More than 2,000 soldiers and sailors died. Another 1,000 were hurt badly. The day after the attack, President Franklin D. Roosevelt declared war on Japan. Japan, German, and Italy had an alli and declared war on the United States. More than two years into the war, United States finally joined World War l.
Who Do You Want For War? I Want You!!
Meat Street, Ireland-The poster above was created in 1917 by James Montgomery Flagg a little after the United States joined the war. During the first World War, James Montgomery Flagg designed 46 posters for the government. His most famous and well known poster was, "I Want You for the U.S. Army." Samuel Wilson ran a meat packaging store and was known as "Uncle Sam." During the war he supplied meat for the U.S. army. The boxes were stamped with "U.S." for United States but the soldiers joked around and said it meant, "Uncle Sam" because Sam was the one supplying their food. Uncle Sam became a symbol of how a patriot could help his country in hard times. The facial hair and the top hat on Uncle Sam represent Abraham Lincoln. The poster was designed to inspire confidence, optimism, and patriotism through colors and designs to get a feeling of collective sacrifice and participation during the war.
- For Sale: The Telephone. Easy way to contact friends and family. $75.00 per telephone, $1.00 per call.
- Wanted: Indoor plumbing. Have a crazy toilet problem? Call 319-634-2298 for a plumber. Price beginning at $4.00 an hour.
- Services: Square Deal. Limiting trust powers, promoting public health and safety, and improving working conditions. $12,000 per person involved.
- Wanted: Liberty Bonds. War bond that were sold in the U.S. to support the allied cause in WWl. $5 a bond.
- Services: Radio. Everyone loves a little music to go along with their night. Buy a fashionable radio for only $45.00.
- For Sale: Limiting work days. Instead of spending 8 hours in a work shop, how would you like 5? $14 per bribe.
Sinking Ship Going Down.
Germany-On May 7th, 1915, a German U-boat torpedoed and sank the Lusitania, a British ocean route from New York to Liverpool, England. The ship was hit so bad that the lifeboats were crashing and hitting passengers. The ship took less than 20 minutes to sink. Many were confused why it took only 18 minutes to sink. The boat only fired one torpedo and that torpedo was very powerful and created a unusual large attack. There were 1,900 passengers and crew members on the Lusitania. The workers in the nursery didn't want the babies and young children to go down underwater so Alfred Vanderbilt and Carl Frohman tied life jackets together in woven baskets in attempt to save them. Out of those 1,900 people, 1,100 died, including 120 Americans. The sinking of the ship plated a big role in why the public should turn on Germany. The Germans knew there was about 172 tons of war munitions for Britain so Germans wanted to attack.
Baltimore, Maryland-Babe Ruth was known for being the greatest baseball player of all time. Babe broke many records and had a successful career in baseball. Babe was born on February 6th, 1895 in Baltimore, Maryland. Babe was 19 when he started his career. He played his first big league game on July 11th, 1914 with the Boston Red Sox. His last game was on May 30th, 1935. Babe was famous for getting 714 home runs in 22 seasons. Babe was not only a great baseball player but he was also a great person. Babe affected the 1920s because in 1919 he played for the Boston Red Sox and set a record for the most scoreless innings in the World Series. In 1920, he went and played with the New York Yankees. He set a record of 60 home runs in a year. That was not beaten for at least 34 years. Babe Ruth has been a role model to many boys and girls to keep doing what they love.
New and Improved Fashion for Women
Club City-Alice Paul fought until and equal rights amendment was added to the Constitution. After 72 years of waiting, women finally got the right to vote. As the 1920s came along, young women wanted to have fun. Flappers were single, young, and middle class women. They wore their hair to their shoulders, hemlines were quickly raised to their knees, they used and incredible amount of makeup, they showed their chests and wore high heels. Flappers chose activities to please themselves, not a father or husband. Smoking and drinking was also characteristics of a flapper. Most of all, the flappers manages to have a good time.
Gilded Age State: Califorina
- Capital: Sacramento
- Population: 38.8 million (2014)
- Nickname: "The Golden State"
- 1 in every 4 people were born in a different country
- 1906 was the biggest earthquake in California. Tore down building and fires were going on for days
- The earthquake killed 700 people
- The earthquake broke out in 20-25 seconds
- The ground shook for at least 45 seconds to a minute
- The earthquake was felt from southern Oregon to south of Los Angeles and an island as far as central Nevada
Progressive/Imperialism State: Texas
- Capital: Austin
- Population: 26.96 million (2014)
- Nickname: "The Lone Star State"
- Chisholm Trail was and important route to drive cattle from Texas to Kansas
- Chisholm Trail got its name from Jesse Chisholm
- Jesse used the trail to trade with the U.S. army and Native American tribes
- Wichita Indians used the Chisholm Trail when they moved to Little Arkansas
- About 35,000 cattle followed the Chisholm trail
- From 1867-1872, more than three million cattle were driven from Texas to Abilene on the Chisholm Trail
- January 10th, 1901 Spindle top Hill erupted by hitting oil. Oil blew into air for 9 days
- It had a height of 150 feet and produced close to 100,000 barrels a day
- The "gusher" was very powerful
- Spindle top Hill was a salt dome three miles south of Beaumont
- Spindle top creates the modern oil and natural gas industry
WW1 State: New York
- Capital: Albany
- Population: 19.75 million (2014)
- Nickname: "The Empire State"
- Uncle Sam: "I Want You For The US Army"
- The name Samuel Wilson is linked to Uncle Sam
- Samuel Wilson was a meat packer in Troy, New York who supplied barrels of beef to the U.S. army in 1812
- Thomas Nast made an image of Uncle Sam with a white beard and a star and striped suit
- The most famous picture of Uncle Sam was drawn by James Montgomery Flagg
- NYC Skyscraper Competition: 40 wall street= 70 stories. Chrysler Building= 77 Stories, Empire state building= 102 stories
Roaring 20s State: Arizona
- Capital: Phoenix
- Population: 6.731 million (2014)
- Nickname: "The Grand Canyon State:
- February 14th, 1912: US Congress admitted AZ as the 48th state
- Progressives in Arizona favored including in the state constitution of initiative, referendum, recall, direct election of senators, woman suffrage, and other reforms.
- The Grand Canyon gets 5 million visitors per year
- The Grand Canyon is one of the deepest gorges on earth
- Depth: 1 mile (1.6km) Width: 10 miles (16km)
- Drops 2,200 feet along the 227 mile length of the gorge
- The first European that saw the Grand Canyon was García López Cárdenas from Spain
- In 1919 the canyon was made a national park
- A trip to the bottom and back usually takes 2 days
- For the people who don't like to hike, mules are available
- Because of the size, the canyon is a natural wonder. It is often considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Natural World