Struggle With a National Identity

Sofia Rodriguez- 1st period

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Canada' Struggle Timeline

  • 1500's-1600's- British and French began to colonize in Canada for fur trade
  • 1689-1763- 4 wars are fought between the British and French (1757-1763 French + Indian War)
  • 1763- France surrenders all of its territory in modern Canada to Great Britain. Great Britain allow French settlers to remain and keep their culture
  • 1867- Dominion of Canada. Great Britain is still in control but they let Canada have it's own government
  • 1931- Canada becomes completely independent


  • 1974- French was made the official language of Quebec and many English-speaking residents and businesses left Quebec
  • 1995- A referendum on weather Quebec should secede from Canada was narrowly defeated
Today, many Quebecers like the idea of separatism, but now it's more economic reasons. Melanie Hotchkiss said, "when you look at the politics in Quebec and the people here, I think we’re just so different than the rest of Canada." Others agree with this statement, saying that people who speak French in Canada are minorities, but in Quebec, it's their language, everyone speaks it.


The biggest challenge facing Canada in 2014 is the same one that has threatened Canadian unity since the country’s genesis: the status of the majority-French province of Quebec within Canada’s majority-Anglo confederation. American visitors to Montreal and Quebec City often come back describing the province as European in character. While the United States embraces a “melting pot” approach to immigration, Canada has embedded the principle of “multiculturalism” in its constitution, which has made them struggle with their identity even more.

Country Without a Core Culture

English. French. Spanish. Chinese. Russian. Tagalog. You name it, Canada has it. Canada is a land with 200 languages, including 2 official languages, so it is a bit difficult to find an identity. No matter where people originally came from, 90% of them speak English and/or French.