Rabies

Kirsty Conner And Aly Muzzy

Pathogen that causes rabies

-Rabies virus is a bullet-shaped, single-stranded negative-sense, enveloped RNA virus.

- Lyssavirus of the Rhabdoviridae family causes the rabies.

Pathogen first identified

-2300 B.C

- Still exists today

Signs and Symptoms

  • -Fever
  • -Headache
  • -Agitation
  • -Anxiety
  • -Confusion
  • -Difficulty swallowing
  • -Excessive salivation
  • -Fear of water (hydrophobia) because of the difficulty in swallowing
  • -Hallucinations
  • -insomnia
  • -partial paralysis
  • How rabies is spread

    - a bite of a rabid animal

    -infected saliva of a host is passed to an uninfected animal

    Prevention

    -Vaccinate your pets

    -Keep your pets confined

    -Protect small pets from predators

    -Report stray animals to local authorities

    -Don't approach wild animals

    -Consider the rabies vaccine if you're traveling

    Treated

    -No specific treatment

    -series of shots

    -A fast-acting shot if you got bite and you know the animal had rabies - rabies immune globulin

    Intersting Information

    -deadly viral infection

    -55,000 people die from rabies every year

    - Rabies has been reported in every state but Hawaii

    -incubation period is three to eight weeks

    -most common rabies carriers in the U.S. are raccoons, bats, skunks, and foxes

    Rabies - What Animals are Most Likely to be Rabid?