by: Adriana Fernandez

What is phobia ?

A phobia is an intense fear of something that, in reality, poses little or no actual danger. Common phobias and fears include closed-in places, heights, highway driving, flying insects, snakes, and needles.

Causes and symptoms

The development of a specific phobia may be determined by a variety of factors. Behavioral, cognitive, and social theories of learning and conditioning, psycho-dynamic models such as the psychoanalytic theory of Freud.

Learning to experience fear is the core of a conditioning perspective. Informational and instructional factors can result in the formation of fear. For example, someone who frequently hears of plane crashes in the news may develop a specific phobia of flying,


Symptoms of phobias often involve having a panic attack in that they include feelings of panic, dread, or terror, despite recognition that those feelings are excessive in relationship to any real danger- as well as physical symptoms like shaking, sweating, trouble thinking clearly, nausea, rapid heart beat, and an overwhelming desire to escape the situation that is causing the phobic reaction


talking treatments, such as counseling and psychotherapy, are often very effective methods for treating phobias.

CBT is a type of counselling that can help you manage your problems by changing the way you think and behave. It can be used to develop practical ways of dealing with your phobia.One part of the CBT treatment process that's often used to treat simple phobias involves gradual exposure to your fear, so that you feel less anxious about it. This is known as desensitization or exposure therapy.


medication isn't usually recommended for treating phobias, because talking therapies are usually effective and don't have any side effects. However, medication is sometimes prescribed on short-term basis to treat the effects of phobias, such as anxiety

OCD & Anxiety Disorders: Crash Course Psychology #29

types of phobias





Doctors have all kinds of names for everything your scared of and it has a name like for example, if your scared of animals