Haiti

By: Eric Celestin

The Country

Haiti ''The pearl of the Caribbean''

Haiti is located in the Caribbean Sea. It shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic. The capital of Haiti is called Port-au-Prince. The languages that Haitian citizens speak are French and Creole. The colors of the flag are red and blue.

Government

Haiti has a Democratic form of government. The government is divided between an executive branch, a judicial branch, and a legislative branch. On the right side, you will see a picture of the Haitian White House.

President: Michel Martelly

Michel Martelly is the current president of Haiti. He was a musician before he became president. Martelly was born on February 12, 1961.

Carnivals

In Haiti, carnivals are a big celebration. If you were there, you would see people wearing lots of colorful clothes and different kinds of masks.
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Food and Desserts

There are a variety of foods and desserts in Haiti. For example, there are rice, chicken, sauce pois (black beans puree), légumes (vegetable stew), and soupe au giraumont ( squash soup). Desserts or pastry in Haiti include Douce Makos, patties, peanut and coconut tablettes.

The Haitian Revolution

The Haitian Revolution started in 1791. Haiti fought for Independence against France. At the same time, they fought the French, Spanish, and British for 12 years. The war ended on January 1,1804, which is the same day as New year's. Every New year's Day, Haitians eat squash soup and drink wine or rum to celebrate the Independence of Haiti.
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Toussaint Louverture

Toussaint was the leader of the Haitian Revolution. Toussaint was born on a Saint Domingue slave plantation. He died on April 7, 1803 in a French prison after surrenduring to the French commander. After he died, another Haitian leader named Jean-Jacques Dessalines took his place and led Haiti to victory on November 18, 1803.
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The Haitian Languages

People in Haiti speak French and Creole, which is a slang of the French language.
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Religions

There are different kinds of religions in Haiti. For example, the religions are voodoo, catholic, and protestant. The voodoo people believe in their spiritual ancestors while the Catholics and Protestants believe in the Christian God.

Sport

People in Haiti mostly play soccer. Haiti is still working hard to be in the 2018 World Cup in Russia.

My Ancestors

Most of my family are from Jacmel and Port-au-Prince. My dad's great, great, great grandfather fought in the Haitian Revolution. My maternal grandmother's uncle was friend with Haitian Dictator François Duvalier who later killed him.

Transportation

Lots of people in Haiti use a tap-tap, taxi, motorcycle, or camionnette as forms of public transportation. Tap-taps and camionettes are usually painted in vibrant and attractive colors.

Industries

There are different industries in Haiti. For example, they export mangoes, cocoa, and other foods. They manufacture and export clothes to the U.S. Haiti produces two of the world-renowned refined rums: Rhum Barbancourt and the Grand Marnier. Tourism is another major industry because its world-renowned beaches and historical sites attract a lot of tourists every year.

Haitian Currency

The Haitian national currency is called "Gourde". Five Gourdes equal US$1.

Education System

Haiti has both public and private schools. Private and public schools wear mandatory uniforms. Every school has its own uniforms. You can tell a student's school by the uniforms he or she wears.

Fun Facts

  • Haiti was the richest French colony in the 1700s.
  • A Haitian man named Joseph Laroche was the only black man aboard the Titanic. Sadly, he did not survive the terrible disaster.
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