by Ariana Franco
The population is 158.2 million
Major religions - Muslim 83%, Hindu 16%, other 1%
Major ethnic groups - Bengali 98%, tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims, other, 2%
Rich, diverse culture. Deeply rooted heritage is shown in architecture, dance, literature, music, painting and clothing.
One of the most important festivals that are held is for Bengali New Year
Some customs are very old and even as ancient as prehistoric
During the mid-1900s the economy went down, mostly the textile industry. One quarter of its 2,000 factories were shut down. Although in the late 1900s a new export was introduced- cotton clothing. This new export moved the economy upwards.