North Vs. South

Comparing social, economic, and political structures

Social Structure in the South

  • Men in the south were dominant
  • Chivalry was important
  • Men would defend their honor usually through duels
  • military and agriculture were the the most acceptable careers
  • Women stayed at home to raise children
  • Women had little to no access to education


Economic Structure in the South

  • Most wealthy men were new to their money and liked to display it
  • Men liked their lives and were determined to defend the lifestyle
  • cotton, sugar, rice and tobacco were grown
  • large plantations were 800+ acres with 50+ slaves
  • Planters formed an aristocracy
  • the rich influenced social and political structure as well as economic
  • Poor white trash men were called "Crackers" and were looked down upon


Political Structure in the South

  • Rich folk in the south had a lot of control over politics
  • Political structure was centered on slavery
  • Southern states were slave states
  • political tension with the north over slavery


Average Southern White Family Tree

  • Patriarch: Asbury Randolph, Male, 33. Lives South of Montgomery, Alabama on a small plantation that he owns and works himself, growing tobacco. He drinks for entertainment.
  • Matriarch: Georgia Randolph, Female, 30. Lives on the plantation with her husband and cares for the children and manages the household.
  • James Randolph, Male, 13. Lives and works on the plantation with his father, also goes to school.
  • Amanda Randolph, Female 10. Lives on the plantation, Helps mother around the house, learns to be a lady and a good wife. Does not go to school.
  • Richard Randolph, Male, 6. Lives on the plantation, goes to school, helps his father during harvesting/planting seasons.
  • Adam Randolph, Male, 2. Lives on the plantation.


Social Structure in the North

  • Higher Standard of living than in Europe
  • More consumer goods
  • Some opportunities - American Dream
  • Many dreamed of moving West
  • Most people moved frequently looking for work
  • Many spent less time at home. Families were less important
  • Work and home were very distinct
  • Men had most rights
  • Less education for Women
  • Man ruled the family


Economic Structure in the North

  • Lower classes worked in factories with very poor conditions
  • Agriculture remains important, but less so with industrialization
  • machinery, flour, meat, whiskey, leather/woolen goods produced
  • Corn, wheat, cattle, sheep, and hogs grown
  • New farming tools, seeds, and animals led to better farming
  • Provides goods to Europe as well as America

Political Structure in the North

  • Free states
  • Against slavery
  • worried about keeping balance between slave/free states in congress
  • Missouri compromise for that purpose


Average white Northern Family Tree

  • John Williams, Male, 38. Lives just outside of Boston, works in a factory in the city
  • Jane Williams, Female, 39. Stays at home with the kids and takes care of the house
  • Marvin williams, Male, 16. Works in a factory in Boston like his Father
  • Georgette Williams, Female, 13. Stays at home and helps her mother around the house
  • Timothy Williams, Male, 8. Goes to School in Boston.