North Vs. South
Comparing social, economic, and political structures
Social Structure in the South
- Men in the south were dominant
- Chivalry was important
- Men would defend their honor usually through duels
- military and agriculture were the the most acceptable careers
- Women stayed at home to raise children
- Women had little to no access to education
Economic Structure in the South
- Most wealthy men were new to their money and liked to display it
- Men liked their lives and were determined to defend the lifestyle
- cotton, sugar, rice and tobacco were grown
- large plantations were 800+ acres with 50+ slaves
- Planters formed an aristocracy
- the rich influenced social and political structure as well as economic
- Poor white trash men were called "Crackers" and were looked down upon
Political Structure in the South
- Rich folk in the south had a lot of control over politics
- Political structure was centered on slavery
- Southern states were slave states
- political tension with the north over slavery
Average Southern White Family Tree
- Patriarch: Asbury Randolph, Male, 33. Lives South of Montgomery, Alabama on a small plantation that he owns and works himself, growing tobacco. He drinks for entertainment.
- Matriarch: Georgia Randolph, Female, 30. Lives on the plantation with her husband and cares for the children and manages the household.
- James Randolph, Male, 13. Lives and works on the plantation with his father, also goes to school.
- Amanda Randolph, Female 10. Lives on the plantation, Helps mother around the house, learns to be a lady and a good wife. Does not go to school.
- Richard Randolph, Male, 6. Lives on the plantation, goes to school, helps his father during harvesting/planting seasons.
- Adam Randolph, Male, 2. Lives on the plantation.
Social Structure in the North
- Higher Standard of living than in Europe
- More consumer goods
- Some opportunities - American Dream
- Many dreamed of moving West
- Most people moved frequently looking for work
- Many spent less time at home. Families were less important
- Work and home were very distinct
- Men had most rights
- Less education for Women
- Man ruled the family
Economic Structure in the North
- Lower classes worked in factories with very poor conditions
- Agriculture remains important, but less so with industrialization
- machinery, flour, meat, whiskey, leather/woolen goods produced
- Corn, wheat, cattle, sheep, and hogs grown
- New farming tools, seeds, and animals led to better farming
- Provides goods to Europe as well as America
Political Structure in the North
- Free states
- Against slavery
- worried about keeping balance between slave/free states in congress
- Missouri compromise for that purpose
Average white Northern Family Tree
- John Williams, Male, 38. Lives just outside of Boston, works in a factory in the city
- Jane Williams, Female, 39. Stays at home with the kids and takes care of the house
- Marvin williams, Male, 16. Works in a factory in Boston like his Father
- Georgette Williams, Female, 13. Stays at home and helps her mother around the house
- Timothy Williams, Male, 8. Goes to School in Boston.