War Of 1812
By: Matt Ward
Causes of war
- Impressment continues. The U.S. started a trade between Europe, but in 1756, the british had a law that forbade neutrals in wartime any trade that was not allowed in peacetime. In 1805, however, in the Essex Case, a British court ruled that U.S. ships breaking passage at an American port did not circumvent the prohibitions set out in the rule of 1756.
- Native Americans attacks Eastern boarder of Louisiana territory. The Native Americans were angry that they were trying to take over there land. The Native Americans did not succeed .
- group of Native Americans in the Old northwest that began to form in the early 19th century around the teaching of Tenskwatawa. The confederation grew over several years and came to include several thousand warriors. Shawnee leader Tecumseh, the brother of The Prophet(Tenskwatawa), developed into the leader of the group as early as 1808. Deemed a threat to the United States, a preemptive strike against the confederation was launched resulting in the 1811 Battle Of Tippecanoe. Under Tecumseh's leadership, the confederation went to war with the United States during the Tecumseh's war, and the War Of 1812.
- In 1811 Henry Clay was fanning the war spirit and the aggressive expansionism of the young republic. He said that the "militia of Kentucky are alone competent" to conquer Montreal and Upper Canada, and he organized the war faction in the House of Representatives. Clay was one of five men selected to meet British representatives at Ghent in 1814; there the failure of American arms forced them to a treaty in which no single objective of the war was obtained.
Battle Region/Battles during the War of 1812
- Naval battle: American ship "Ironsides" sinks a few british ships. The Americans succeed. Even though America won they still have a problem with British making blockades.
- The Chesapeake Campaign: In 1813-1814 the british marched threw Washington D.C. while in Washington they burnt down the White House and The Capitol. The british were able to blockade the mouth of the bay and raid coastal towns
effects of the War of 1812
- U.S. gains respect: The U.S. were able to beat the British which was not aspected, which showed all other countries that the U.S. is a Strong and independent country.
- U.S. respects canada as British neighbor: The British respected the U.S. after the War so the U.S. respected Canada being allies with British.
- Native Americans lose power and land: The native americans were not like British, France or Europe they didn't have Land/country or power like the other countries so when war broke out there wasn't much that they could do and then other countries came in and started taking there land.
- Strong feelings of nationalism: The U.S. and citizens/army vets felt like they did what they were suppose to and were loyal to there country so they felt that they succeeded and won the battle, which caused them to feel nationalism.