Filipino Immigration to Texas

By: Sal

Buko pie (young coconut)

Traditional Filapino coconut custard pie. Sweetened condensed milk is used to make the pie and coconut, or vanilla or almond flavorings. This pie is similar to South Africian Klappertert; but the filapino buko pie is more of a creamy coconut custard pie. The South African version does not have crust and contains raisens and nuts. The American version is a Coconut Creme Pie.


Filipinos also love celebrations. You can see this reflected in annual town fiestas and regional festivals like the Ati-Atihan in Aklan, Masskara in Bacolod, Sinulog in Cebu. Every month you can find something to celebrate in the Philippines!

Customs and Traditions

One of the many customs and traditions of the Filipino people is with regard to courtship. Courtship of the female and her family is still one of the traditions. Originally the request to court the female was by meeting with the elder or mother/father of the family prior to courting the female. Nowadays, and due to western influence, one alternative may be for the suitor to call the parents' or guardian's requesting permission. Properly greeting the parent by placing the back of the parent's hand on the forehead of the suitor is called pagmamano. The practice of bringing gift is also still practiced; when the suitor arrives at the Parents' home.

Another custom or tradition is that the groom is primarly responsible for the clothing of the bride and the bride's family, as well as the wedding it self. This is to show that the groom is now responsible enough to care for a wife and family.

*With regard to the Filipino home and structure, one of the many traditions is as follows:

*Homeowner throws coins on housewarming day to bring luck. The opening of the east window in the morning is to let god's grace in.

*Hang braided strands of garlic to drive the bad spirits away.

*Bring rice into a new home first as good luck.

Some of the many other customs and traditions:

Don't sing while cooking; you might marry an old man.

Don't sleep with your hair wet it may effect your eyesight.

Don't lie down after runing; the heat will go straight to your head and affect your brain.

Don't eat mangos if you have skin rash or chicken pox it will worsen the itching of the skin.

Don't sit on your books or you'll be dumb.

Press the book or notebook on your forehead; it helps you memorize its contents.

Never leave a purse on the floor; always set it on something, or your budget might run low.

Don't accept footwear from a friend; he/she might be stepping on your toes later.

Pull an eyelash to cure a sty.

Many Many other traditions....

Significant Individuals

The first Filipino known by name in Texas arrived in 1822. Francisco Flores from Cebu, a cabin boy on a freighter, decided to make Port Isabel his home. Some time later he At 40 Flores married Augustina Gonzales and moved the family and business to Rockport. He witnessed a long span of Texas history, dying in 1917 at the age of 108. A few Filipinos who had moved to other parts of the United States chose Texas as a home because of the climate. During World War II, many Filipino men joined the United States armed forces. At the independence of the islands, granted by the U.S. in 1946, these men could become citizens because of their service. Many did, some continuing their military careers. Filipino dance group at the Texas Folklife Festival, San Antonio 71 language was never a problem. Filipino and English were official languages, and Spanish was still present in the homeland.After 1945 the United States became attractive to Filipino professionals: doctors, engineers, nurses, bankers, architects, accountants, pharmacists... Some Texas locations were favorable for those entering with work visas. Other arrivals to Texas were second-generation,

born in the United States. Houston became home to about 2,000 Filipino nurses, San Antonio to somewhat fewer. Today, some 58,000 Filipinos live in Texas. Until the last three decades, most were foreign-born. These are urban settlers who are succeeding in preserving a significant number of Filipino customs.

Cultural Effects

The Texas culture was enhanced by the food and traditions by the Filipinos. The Filippinos participated in many wars throughout history. Their dancing rituals contributed to the culture of Texas. The Parol is uniquely Filipino. It resembles the texas star. In its more basic forms, the parol is a lantern shaped like a star. It symbolizes the star that the 3 wise men followed to reach the stable where Jesus was born. Today, it has evolved into more ornate forms decorated with multicolored lights, flashing patterns and added sparkle. Once parols are seen going up in public places, it is apparent that the Christmas Season is upon us.


My name is Sal T. I'm in 3rd period. I did Filipinos.

Did You Know?

The Philippines became an over seas territory of the United States. Also Unlike other A_____ they were considered United States Nationals so they were aloud to immigrate to United States. Also This happened after the S_____ American War. During the wave of migration F_______ men outnumbered woman by 15 to 1, therefore, nuclear families were rare and an indication of privilege. A smaller group of immigrants were sent on a scholarship program established by the Philippine Commission and were known as the pensionados the first batch were sent in 1903 and continued to WWII. Many of these students who came did not return back to the Philippines. In 1946 the Filipino Naturalization Act allowed for naturalization and citizenship who arrived prior to March, 1943.

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