Auschwitz Research

By: Katie May

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Auschwitz I

Facts and Statistics

Auschwitz I was was the main camp and was the first camp that was made near Oswiecim. The first prisoners at Auschwitz included German prisoners and Polish political prisoners. Auschwitz I was to incarcerate enemies of the Nazis, to provide forced laborers, to serve as a place to exterminate small groups. 1.1 million people died in the four and a half years Auschwitz was opened and 1 million of them were Jewish. More people died in Auschwitz than Americans and British killed in WWII.
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Daily Life of Prisoners

In Auschwitz I the prisoners first see the worlds "Arbeit Macht Frei" or work will give you freedom. At Auschwitz I there was the commandant's office and living quarters, the administration building, the prisoners kitchen and infirmary, the death block, the main guard station, a crematorium and gas chamber, the Gestapo camp, and the group gallows. Auschwitz I was surrounded by two barbed wire electric fences and nine watch towers. The death block housed the criminals and the barracks were where prisoners were tortured and sentenced to death. There was also a firing wall.

Important Figures

Auschwitz II/ Auschwitz-Birkenau

Facts and Statistics

Construction of Auschwitz II began in October of 1941. It housed the largest prisoner population. Auschwitz II was the largest section of Auschwitz. Four large crematoriums were created between March and June of 1943. About 125 million was generated for the Nazis by forced labor. There were around 170 female SS officers. There were 7,000 workers at Auschwitz and only 750 were ever punished. This camp was use for many for exterminations and forced labor.

Daily Life of Prisoners

Auschwitz-Birkenau was divided into ten sections separated by electric and barbed wire fences. After 1942 there were also dogs that patrolled as well as guards. The camp included a place for men, women, a family camp for gypsies, and a family camp for Jewish people. Many prisoners were experimented on for scientific research. There were 250 barracks for the prisoners that were designed for horses and they were only designed to hold 52 horses so it was very crowded. The gas chambers were near the barracks so as to scare the prisoners.
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Important Figures