MesoamericanGossip

By: Geraldine Saldierna

Olmec Civilization

The truth about the Olmec agriculture

The Olmec Civilization lasted from about 1200 B.C.E. to 400 B.C.E. They were located in what is now the southern part of Mexico, along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. The Olmec had a different technique in farming from other civilization. If there were overgrown plots of land, the Olmecs would burn them and use its ashes as fertilizer. This technique was called the "Slash-and-burn" technique.

The main crops the Olmec grew were:


  • Squash
  • Maize
  • Beans
  • Tomatoes
  • Sweet Potatoes
  • Cotton
Agriculture left a good and bad impact in the Olmec civilization. For example, it helped them discover new ways of farming and it gave them a healthy diet. Olmec relied in many crops, so thats what they mainly ate, but when it came to climate change, it made people very vulnerable.


Bibliography


  • "The Olmec." Agriculture. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Sept. 2015.
  • Minster, Christopher. "Ancient Olmec Culture in Latin American History." N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Sept. 2015.
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Aztec Civilization

Aztecs - God? or Gods?

Aztecs lasted a small period of time, from about 1325 A.D. to 1521 A.D. They stablished themselves in Tenochtitlan, which is modern day Mexico City. Aztecs believed not only in 1 God, but in many of them. They had Gods for everything, the god of the sun, rain, etc. There were 3 top Gods in the Aztec religion that were:


  1. Huitzilopochtil, the patron god of the Mexica tribe.
  2. Tezcatlipoca, the god of destiny and fortune.
  3. Quetzalcoatl, the god civilization and order.
After these Gods it is believed there were a vriety of sub-gods and an infinite amount of gods after the sub-gods.


The Aztec religion had elements of human sacrifices. Aztecs organized these rituals because they believed that the Gods needed to be nourished by human beings. They needed to be kept strong to fight the bad gods.


Bibliography:


  • "Aztec Religion." Aztec Religion. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Sept. 2015.
  • "Ancient Aztec Religion." Ancient Aztec Religion. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Sept. 2015.
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Mayan Civilization

Mayas had slaves?

The Mayan civilization lasted from about 1000 A.D. to 1517 A.D. They developed in the southeastern Mexico, all of Belize and Guatemala, and some parts of Honduras. The Mayas developed a government where kings and priests ruled. Religion was a big part in the Mayan civilization, that's why priests had a powerful title in the government. Mayas took crimes seriously. They followed their laws in a stryctly way. Murder, arson and acts against the gods were crimes that if done, you were punished with death. If the law was broken, people often needed to go to court where nobles served as judges and he decided your punishment. Mayas believed in thegod line of power in the family. It didn't matter if next was a woman as ruler. As long as they followed the god-family rule, it was okay. Mayas din't have slaves. There was only kings, priests, nobles, and common people.


Bibliography:


  • "Maya Civilization." For Kids: Government. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Sept. 2015.
  • "Maya Government." Ancient History Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Sept. 2015.
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Mixtec Civilization

Mixtecs spoke english? /Codices and artwork

The Mixtec civilization, whom developed during 800 A.D. to 1500 A.D. established in Oaxaca, Puebla and a part of Guerrero's region. Mixtecs didn't speak english, french, spanish, nor portuguese, They spoke a language called olo-manguean that belongs from the Otomanguean family language of Mexico. During the Post-Classical period in Mesoamerican history, the Mixtec created their own logographic writing system. They wrote genealogy, hystory and myth, but all of it was destroyed when the Spanish Conquest occured.


Mixtecs were well.known for their jewlery. They used gold and turquoisethe most to do the jewlery. Mixtecs also did a few things with pottery,


Bibliography:


  • "Mixtec (Tu'un Sávi / Dà'àn Dávi)." Mixtec Language, Alphabet and Pronunciation. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Sept. 2015.
  • "Mixtec Civilization - Crystalinks." Mixtec Civilization - Crystalinks. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Sept. 2015.