Chowan River Basin



  • Plants: Cypress trees, and duckweed.
  • Animals: Bobcats, Black Bears, Grey Foxes, and River Otters.
  • Birds: Bald Eagle, Ospreys, and Green-Backed Heron.
  • Fish: Large mouth bass, bluegill, chain pickerel, black crappie, sunfish, perch and herring.
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  • Northeast NC and southeast VA.
  • Counties around and inside: (NC) Bertie, Chowan, Gates, Herftford, North Hampton. (VA) Dinwiddie, Nottoway, Lunenberg, Charlotte, Mecklenburg, Brunswick, Prince Geoge, Petersburg, Sussex, Greensville, Southampton, Surry, Isle of Wight, Franklin, and Suffolk.

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Major Water Ways

  • Chowan River.
  • 50 mile stretch and tributaries.
  • 791 miles total.
  • This river basin belongs to the Albemarle-Pamlico Estuarine system, which is the second largest in the United States.
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The Chowan River basin is home to diverse wildlife and beautiful landscapes. Activities in this area include water skiing, sailing, fishing, and kayaking. The Chowan River begins in the Albemarle Sound and continues on into Virginia. The river basin's water was described by state officials as generally good, which is amazing because the Chowan River was considered dead once.The Chowan Swamp is the second largest swamp forests in the U.S.
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Agricultural runoff and Algae.

Farmers in this area take measures to prevent soil erosion and runoff of animal waster. Every year, an estimated 123.244 fewer tons of soil erode. In 1972 the Chowan River fell victim to the first large-scale algae bloom in coastal North Carolina. The depleted oxygen levels in the water were rectified by adjusting the amount of waster that waste water treatment facilities were allowed to discharge. Monitoring show that the levels are now back to normal.


NC Census from 2000: 61,034.