The Tragedy of Macbeth

By Andrew Burdick

The Blame of Macbeth's Downfall

The reason the blame for the downfall of Macbeth is his wife, Lady Macbeth. I believe this for a main reason: Lady Macbeth the one who wanted Macbeth to kill King Duncan the most. She drove Macbeth to do it. When she fears that he is too cowardly to kill the king like the withes say he will in the third prophesy, she pushes him more into doing it. "Glamis thou art and Cawdor, and shalt be what thou art promised; yet I do ear thy nature, is too full of the milk of human kindness to catch the nearest way.” (1.5. 15-18). Also, after Macbeth still has trouble going through with killing Duncan, Lady Macbeth still gives him trouble. She questions her husband's manliness to him. “What beast was’t then that made you break this enterprise to me? When you durst it, then you were a man…” (1.7. 54-56). Macbeth can't take the pressure anymore, and he finally kills Duncan. After killing Duncan, Macbeth feels much guilt. Lady Macbeth tells Macbeth to pull it together after killing Duncan though. "My hands are of your colour, but I shame to wear a heart so white" (2.2. 85-86). These quotes show that Lady Macbeth really is the cause of the downfall of Macbeth because she was the one who kept pushing Macbeth to kill Duncan, and even after he killed Duncan, she made it sound like it was no big deal, when to Macbeth, it really was a big deal.
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Literary Devices

Character Analysis

The thing that motivates Macbeth to do what he does is ambition. The reason that Macbeth thinks of following through with the witches third prophesy is because of ambition. "My thought, whose murder is yet fantastical, shakes so my single state of man that function is smothered in sunrise, and nothing is, but what is not" (1.3. 160-164). In that quote, Macbeth is thinking about murder, and the only is reason is because he is ambitious to be king. I believe Macbeth really is full of ambition, because of a quote in the book where he straight up admits to being ambitious and having a darker side. "Stars hide your fires, let not light see my black and deep desires" (1.4. 58-59). When it comes time for Macbeth to actually kill Duncan, Macbeth can find no other reason to kill him other than one thing: ambition. "I have no spur to prick the sides of my intent, but only vaulting ambition which o'erleaps itself and falls on th'other" (1.7. 26-29). Ambition is what Macbeth thrives on, and it's the 2nd main reason he decided to kill Duncan, (the 1st being Lady Macbeth because she caused his downfall).

Artwork Connection to Macbeth's Downfall

This piece of art is symbolic to the downfall of Macbeth because it shows how Lady Macbeth forced him to kill Duncan. Also, in the artwork, the reaction of the character of Macbeth is showing he's not pleased with what he's done, and looks quite frightened. The face of the character who is Lady Macbeth is telling Macbeth to be quiet and is looking evil. Lady Macbeth is trying to tell Macbeth to not worry about it since what has been done is done. "My hands are of your colour, but I shame to wear a heart so white" (2.2. 85-86).
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