Lewis and Clark Expedition

By- Kaitlyn Metcalfe

What was the Lewis and Clark Expedition

Lewis and Clark Expedition, (1804–06), U.S. military expedition, led by Capt. Meriwether Lewis and Lieut. William Clark, to explore the Louisiana Purchase and the Pacific Northwest. The expedition was a major chapter in the history of American exploration.

Meriwether Lewis

- Lewis was born on Aug. 18, 1774, on a plantation near Charlottesville, Va

- Lewis studied with private tutors, hunted, and learned nature lore

- He wrote down new animals and plant species they found

- Between campaigns he lived in the wilderness and learned Native American languages and customs

- He joined the military

- He had a dog named Seaman

- On October 11 he was found shot to death at an inn near what is now Hohenwald, Tenn. Some historians believe that he killed himself, while others contend that he was murdered.

Seaman

- Lewis for $20 while he was in Pittsburgh waiting for the completion of the boats that would be taken on the journey.

- He was a good hunter

- He saved the men from a Buffalo running through the camp if Seaman didn't charge the Buffalo leaping at him and the Buffalo passed without doing more damage.

- After the expedition he went on with his life with Lewis

-With Lewis' death Seaman refused to eat anything so shortly after that Seaman died

Seaman: The Greatest Newfoundland Dog in History

William Clark

- Clark was born in Caroline County, Virginia, on Aug. 1, 1770

- As a youth William helped defend the pioneer settlements against Indians. In 1792 he was commissioned a lieutenant under General Anthony Wayne

- In 1813 Clark became governor of the Missouri Territory

- Clark entered the military at the age of 19 and became friends with Lewis

- He made maps of places they found and where they went

- He died on Sept. 1, 1838, in St. Louis

Thomas Jefferson

- Is the Author of the Declaration of Independence

- He made the deal called the Louisiana Purchase with Napoleon

- He bought the Louisiana Purchase for $15 million

- He sent Lewis and Clark on the secret expedition to explore the new land and collect new things and recored new things.

Sacagawea

- She was a Lemhi Shoshone Indian

- She was a teenager who served as an interpreter for Lewis and Clark

- When they hired Sacagawea she was pregnant and gave birth right before they left but they took the baby with them

- She showed Lewis and Clark what they can eat and showed them new plants and told them the names of the new plants and animals

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Nez perce

- Nez Perce originally lived in the region of the lower Snake River in what is now northeastern Oregon, southeastern Washington, and central Idaho

- They were the largest, most powerful, and best-known tribe of the Sahaptin language family

- lived in small villages located on streams having abundant fish. Dried salmon was their main source of food

- They also hunted a variety of game and collected berries and roots to eat

- They built up one of the largest horse herds in North America

Landmarks found by Lewis and Clark

Beacon Rock- Summits 845 feet above sea level, A remarkable high detached rock stands in a bottom on the stand side and about 800 feet high and 400 paces around.

Hat Rock- The Corps of Discovery noticed the large column of lava rock that stands 100 feet high and resembles a top hat

Tavern Rock Cave and Tavern Bluff- Tavern Bluffs almost became the last stop on the trip west. Lewis lost his footing while exploring the bluff and cave and nearly fell 300 feet to what would have surely been his death. He managed to plunge his knife into a crevice and stop his fall. The day of this misadventure was May 23, 1804, only two days after leaving St. Charles, Missouri.

New plants they found

- Cat's Ears

- Chocolate Lily

- Blue Huckleberry

- Glacier Lily

- Long-Tailed Wild Ginger

- Missouri Milkvetch

- Nootka Rose

- Owl's Clover

- Prairie Rose

- Prairie Apple

- Yellow-Flowering Pea

Theres A LOT more

New animals they found

- Blue Catfish

- Broad-Tailed Hummingbird

- Black-Tailed Prairie Dog

- American (Pale) Goldfinch

- Ermine

- Eastern Spiny Softshell Turtle

- Great Horned Owl

- Mountain Sucker (Fish)

- Oregon Pronghorn

- Red-Necked Grebe

- Yellow-Bellied Marmot

Theres A LOT more