Social-Emotional Development.

Birth-Age 2.


  • Passivity: relates to how actively involved a child is with his or her surroundings.
  • Irritability: tendency to feel distressed.
  • Activity Patterns: levels of movement also vary in infants.


-Mainly Attached To :
  • Mothers
  • Fathers
  • Caregivers
  • Older Siblings
Examples :Cooing , kicking , gurgling , and laughing.
-Separation Anxiety.
  • First Sign: at six months.
  • Becomes clearer by nine months.
  • By 15 Month , the anxiety is very strong.

Changes Over Time.

-Birth to Three Months:
  • Do not have very refined emotions.
  • Excitement by looking alert , smiling , or wiggling.
  • Distress is shown by crying.
-Three to Six Months:
  • Children respond to people with smiles and laughter.
  • Makes happy sounds as adults play with , hold , or feed them.
  • Tears begin to appear.
-Six to Twelve Months:
  • Become actively involved with their caregivers.
  • They make sounds in response to the speech of others.
  • Children have also developed attachment to their caregivers.
-Twelve to Twenty-Four Months:
  • Children still show separation anxiety.
  • May cling to a parent who will be leaving soon.
  • Children start to take more interest in other children.
  • They like to play next to other children , but they do not interact much with them.