1750-1900 SMORE PROJECT
The British made about 17 million spanish dollars by selling opium to China. Finally, China noticed the millions addicted to this "medicine" so Commissioner Lin Zexu led a campaign against this drug. Thus creating the treaty of Najing also known to the Chinese as a unequal treaty, as it was mainly on British terms.
Western nations plus Japan and Russia had carved out all spheres of influence within China, granting themselves special privileges. The idea of a informal empire occured here as China was no longer the center of civilization to which barbarians paid homage and tribute.
A takeover of young samurai from southern Japan who restored the power of a fifteen-year-old boy whose throne name was Meiji, or enlightened rule. Their goals were to save Japan from foreign domination not by futile resistance, but by a thorough transformation of Japanese society drawing on all that the modern West had to offer.
The Young Turks pushed for a radical secularization of schools, courts, and law codes; permitted elections and competing parties; established a single Law of Family Rights for all regardless of religion; and encouraged Turkish as the official language. Also open up modern schools for women, and allowed them to wear Westernized clothing.