By Nina Gonzalez & Tayvian Baker
We DARE you to press it ↡↡↡
But before you do...↡↡↡
Glofish are genetically engineered zebrafish, created by using a special gene from ajellyfish.
In 1999, Scientist Dr. Zhiyuan Gong and his colleagues at the National University of Singapore were working with a gene that is extracted from a jellyfish. These jellyfish carry a gene for a green fluorescent protein, that creates the bright green fluorescence. They extracted this gene and inserted it into a zebrafish embryo. The goal was to develop a fish that could detect pollution by selectively fluorescing in the presence of environmental toxins. They later became very popular in the United States, and were sold in pet stores across the country. There are now hundreds of different fishes with this fluorescent gene and many varied colors, like yellow pink, and green!
-Scientists in 2011 inserted genes and green fluorescent protein into feline eggs to help cats resist FIV. This let the scientists examine how this resistant gene developed within the cats.
Fast Growing Salmon
-AquaBounty created fast growing salmon, which can grow twice as fast as the typical fish. The growth hormone would stay activated throughout the year, thanks to a gene found in the ocean pout.
-In May of 2000, Edurad Kac used genetic engineering to create an alive piece of art. He introduced Alba, his albino "GFP bunny" glowed when in blue light. He was created by injecting florescent jellyfish genes into the fertilized egg of a bunny.
Fast Growing Salmon
Glittering Gold Seahorse
Remember the neon glofish, well there's another sea animal that's color is amazing! That animal is the glittering golden seahorse, Vietnamese scientists have created an 108 striped seahorse that can glitter like gold. This animal was created by “gene - shooting method” which is when you take one gene from an organism, then proceed to “shoot” it into another organism. In this case the scientist used a light-emitting gene extracted from jellyfish, was combined with tiny grains of gold. This gene mixture was then injected into the sea horse’s eggs. In fact the gold seahorse was Vietnam’s first genetically modified creature!