STALINGRAD "The Battle of Blood"
Stalingrad Was Pivotal to Halting German Advancement
Summary of Event
On the 23rd of August 1942, Stalingrad was attacked in an attempt to capture Stalingrad for oil and pride. This ended in failure after the biggest and bloodiest battle ever was won by the Soviet Union on the 2nd of February 1943. Though the Soviets did not win the battle without a cost. Over one million Soviets died with only about 150,000 Germans dying. After Stalingrad was supposed to be captured, Hitler wanted all male citizens of Stalingrad to be murdered and women and children to be deported from Stalingrad.
The Battle of Stalingrad was fought room by room in buildings. Many women also were used to protect the city. These strategies made the Soviets keep more territory, as well as some Germans refusing to fire on women. The Germans had took a large amount of the city but they failed to show that they had authority. When winter came the Germans were trapped with little ammo, food, and water. But, Butler ordered the army to fight to the last bullet.
When the Soviet Union got American reinforcements from the Lend-Lease Program, the war started to turn around. The Soviet Union got 50,000 tons of explosives and 250,000 short tons of airplane gas in the beginning of the Lend Lease Program. The reason the Lend-Lease Program was so important is because the Soviet Union needed supplies but first the areas would have to be cleared. Stalingrad was the bloodiest battle ever with many crazy tactics to win the war.
FIRST HAND ACCOUNT
"We still believed in victory. What else could you do? Put up a grumpy face? You couldn’t do that. That’s where you have comradeship, absolute comradeship, because we were all closer to death than to life. We were just believing one hundred percent in victory, and that was it. At that stage you had that feeling, yes, we will finish this off. And the war is going to be over soon, at the end of 1942, yes, it had to end, it had to end. We were optimistic. All the news we received was good. Rommel advanced in Africa, we heard news of victories, we heard of the submarines who kept sinking other ships, whether it’s true I don’t know. And then, above all, the Japanese started as well in the Pacific area, so the whole world seemed to be on our side, in victory. We had major successes. ” Helmut Walz, German Soldier, Battle of Stalingrad
FACTS AND STATISTICS
- Nazi attacks on civilian ferrys caused 40,000 civilian deaths in a single day
- 800,000 axis deaths occurred during the Battle of Stalingrad
- 1.1 Million Soviet deaths occurred during the battle
- The Battle of Stalingrad was fought room to room
- Soviets had 894 tanks after counter offensive
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